Advertisement

Ultrathin Film Electrodeposition of Conjugated Polymers on Conducting Surfaces

A precursor polymer and surface grafting approach
  • Rigoberto C. Advincula
  • Chuanjun Xia
  • Seiji Inaoka
  • Daniel B. Roitman

Abstract

The class of π-conjugated polymers as solid state materials has been investigated ranging from its use as electrically conducting polymers to electroluminescent (EL) and laser-active materials.1 Synthesis using mainly aromatic and heteroaromatic polymer structures has been investigated.2 In particular, the study of polyfluorenes and its derivatives are of recent interest as photoactive fluorescent and laser-generating materials.3, 18 The systematic synthesis of microstructured polyfluorene materials with fluoren-2,7-diyl units either by Pd4 or Ni-catalyzed 5 coupling of 2,7-dibromofluorenes has found applications in the fabrication of blue polymer light emitting diode (PLED) devices. The chemical oxidation of fluorenes with FeCl3 6 or electrochemical oxidation of fluorenes has also been reported.7 Substitution on the 9-fluorenyl position enhances the solubility and processability of the resulting polyfluorene polymers.8

Keywords

Precursor Polymer Ultrathin Film Polymer Light Emit Diode Carbazole Group Methylene Chloride Solution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Freemantle, Chem. Eng.News 79 (17), 49-55 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Salaneck,, I. Lundstrom, B. Ranby, B., Eds. Conjugated Polymers and Related Materials; (Oxford University Press: Oxford, 1993).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    U. Scherf, Topics in Curr. Chem,. 201,164, (1999).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Ranger, D. Rondeau, M. Leclerc, Macromolecules, 30, 7686 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Klaerner, J. Lee, V. Lee, E. Chan, J. Chen, A. Nelson, D. Markiewicz, R.Siemens, J. Scott, R. Miller, Chem. Mater. 11, 1800 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Fukuda, K. Sawada, K. Yoshino, K. J. Polym. Sci. A , 31, 2465 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Le Deit, J. Rault-Berthlot, J. Simonet, J. Synth. Met. , 47, 373 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. Klaerner, R.D. Miller, R. D., Macromolecules, 31, 2007-2009 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.(a)
    J.L. Segura Acta Polym., 49, 319-344 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. (a).
    R. Advincula, R., C. Frank,W. Knoll, R. Moon, J. Sheats, D. Roitman, D. in Electrical, optical, and Magnetic Properties of Organic Sol id-State Materials IV: MRS Meeting Proceedings. Ed. J.R. Reynolds, ( Materials Research Society, Pennsylvania. 115-120 (1998)).Google Scholar
  11. 10.
    M. Bryce, A. Chissel, N. Smith, D. Parker, Synth. Met. , 26, 153 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 11.
    J. Kaufman, T. Chung, A. Heeger, F. Wudl, F. J. Electrochem. Soc. 131,2092 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 12.
    S. Sapp, G. Sotzing, J. Reynolds, J. Chem. Mater., 10, 2101 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 13.
    J.C. Scott, S. Carter, S. Karg, and M. Angelopoulos Synth. Metals. 85, 1197 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 14 .
    J. Reddinger, J. Reynolds, Adv. in Polym. Sci., 145, 57 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 15.
    S. Inaoka, R. Advincula, Polym. Prepr. (Amer. Chem. Soc), 82, 340 (2000). -Advincula, R. Roitman, D ; Inaoka, S. full manuscript in preparationGoogle Scholar
  17. 16.
    R. Advincula, C. Xia, ASAP article Chem. of Mater.Google Scholar
  18. 17 .
    D. Roitman, J. Sheats, H. Antoniadis, M. Hueschen, Proc. Int.SAMPE Technical Conference 27, 681 (1995).Google Scholar
  19. 18.(a)
    M ., K. Sawada, K. Yoshino, J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 31,2465 (1993) .CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. (b).
    Q. Pei, Y. Yang, Y. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 118, 7416 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. (c).
    M. Inbasekaran, E. Woo, W.Wu, M. Bernius, L. Wujkowski, Synth. Met. 111,397 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 19.
    T. Yamamoto, A. Morita, Y. Miyazaki, T. Maruyama, H. Wakayama, Z. Zhou,Y. Nakamura, T. Kanbara, S. Sasaki, K. Kubota, K.Macromolecules 25, 1214 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 20.
    Y. Shirota, T. Nogami, N. Noma, T. Kakuta, H. Saito,Synth. Met. ,41-43, 1169(1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 21.
    Y. Wei, C. Chan, J. Tian, G. Jang, F. Hsueh, Chem. Mater. 3, 88 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 22.(a)
    R. Willicut, R. McCarley, Langmuir 11, 296 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. (b).
    C. Sayre, D. Collard,Langmuir 11, 302 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. (c).
    S. Ng, P. Miao, Z. Chen, H.Chan,Adv. Mater. 10,782 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. (d).
    W. Hayes, C. Shannon, Langmuir 12,3688 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 23 . (a)
    J. Ferraris, T. Haillon Polymer, 30, 1319 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. (b).
    A. Yassar, F. Garnier,Macromolecules 22, 804 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. (c).
    Y. Wei, C. Chan, J. Tian, G. Jang, K. Hseuh,Chem. Mater.3,888(1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rigoberto C. Advincula
    • 1
  • Chuanjun Xia
    • 1
  • Seiji Inaoka
    • 2
  • Daniel B. Roitman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Agilent Technologies LaboratoriesPalo AltoUSA

Personalised recommendations