Comparative Evaluation of Different Animal Protein Source in Juveniles of Pleoticus Muelleri (Crustacea, Penaeoidea)
A study was conducted to evaluate alternative protein supplements that could be used to reduce the cost of formulated diets for shrimp. Marine proteins, such as fish meal, squid meal, and bivalve meal, are considerably more expensive than byproduct meals such as meat and bone meal. The objective of this study was to compare the growth, survival, and body composition of juvenile Pleoticus muelleri fed diets containing different levels of meat and bone meal as a substitute of the marine fish meal. Feeding trials were carried out on early juveniles (0.70 ± 0.05 g initial weight) held in 150 l glass aquaria (33% salinity, 20°C, 12:12 h photoperiod, 20 shrimp/m2 density). Each diet (control, PL1, PL2, PL3, PL4) was tested in three replicate groups of 10 shrimps during 50 days. The juveniles were obtained from hatchery-raised postlarvae (wild broodstock from Mar del Plata, Argentina) at Nagera Station, dependent of the Marine Science Department (Mar del Plata National University, Argentina). Four isoproteic and isolipidic diets (34% crude protein) were prepared to contain 0, 11, 15 and 23% meat and bone meal in substitution of fish meal. The control group was fed with fresh squid mantle. Percentage increment in mean weight varied between 81 and 103%. Survival rates ranged from 50 to 76%. No significant differences were detected in final weight gain or survival among dietary treatments (P < 0.05). Whole body moisture, ash, crude protein, and lipid content of shrimps were not affected by diet (P < 0.05). The feeding experiment suggests that meat and bone meal can be utilized by P. muelleri as a suitable replacement for fish meal in a formulated diet.
KeywordsFish Meal Shrimp Farming Bone Meal Freshwater Prawn Meat Meal
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- AOAC (1990) Official methods of analysis of the Association of Official Chemists. 15thedition, AOAC Inc., Arlington, Virginia, USAGoogle Scholar
- Akiyama DM (1992) Future considerations for shrimp nutrition and the aquaculture feed industry, (pp 198–205) In: Wyban J (ed) Proceedings of the Special Session on Shrimp Farming. World Aquaculture Society, Baton RougeGoogle Scholar
- Akiyama DM, Dominy GW and Lawrence AL (1991) Penaeid shrimp nutrition for the commercial feed industry: Revised, (pp 80–98) In: Akiyama DM and Tan RKH (eds) Proceedings of the Aquaculture Feed Processing and Nutrition Workshop, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
- Chamberlain GW (1993) Aquaculture trends and feed projections. World Aquaculture 24:19–29Google Scholar
- Chamberlain GW (1995) Frontiers in shrimp nutrition research, (pp 108–117) In: Browdy CL and Hopkins JS (eds) Proceedings of the Special Session on Shrimp Farming. World Aquaculture SocietyGoogle Scholar
- Fenucci JL and Zein-Eldin ZP (1976) Evaluation of squid mantle meal as a protein source in penaeid nutrition. FAO Technical Conference on Aquaculture, Kyoto, Japan, 76/E.36, 9 pGoogle Scholar
- Jory DE (1995) Feed management practices for a healthy pond environment, (pp 118–143) In:Browdy CL and Hopkins JS (eds) Proceeding of the Special Session on Shrimp Farming World Aquaculture SocietyGoogle Scholar
- Sokal R and Rohlf J (1995) Biometry. WH Freeman, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Tacon AGJ and Akiyama DM (1997) Feed ingredients. Advances in World Aquaculture 6:411 -472.Google Scholar
- Wijkstrom UN and New MB (1989) Fish for feed: a help or a hindrance to aquaculture in 2000? INFOFISH International 6/89:48–52Google Scholar