Family Macandrewiidae Schrammen, 1924

  • Andrzej Pisera
  • Claude Lévi


Macandrewiidae Schrammen (Demospongiae, ‘lithistids’) contains only one valid genus Macandrewia Gray, 1859, with about 6 species known from the Atlantic and Pacific. They are polymorphic, cup shaped, branching or massive irregular, and occur in relatively deep water as do most lithistids. The differentiating characters of the family are ectosomal dentate phyllo-to discotriaenes and smooth desmas of complex morphology resembling tetraclones which have triaenose (rarely monaxial) crepis, microscleres are smooth microxeas.


Porifera Demospongiae ‘lithistids’ Macandrewiidae Macandrewia 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrzej Pisera
    • 1
  • Claude Lévi
    • 2
  1. 1.Instytut PaleobiologiiPolska Akademia NaukWarszawaPoland
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Biologie des Invertébrés Marins et MalacologieMuséum National d’Histoire NaturelleParis Cedex 05France

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