Dynamic Surface Activity of Biological Fluids, Ophthalmic Solutions and Nanostructures
Various fluids including tears, pulmonary surfactant and synovial fluid lubricate the surfaces of the body. All have a similar function in that they act as boundary lubricants to prevent focal adhesions and minimize transmittance of shear forces.1 These fluids also exhibit some remarkable similarities in composition in that they all contain a phospholipid, dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, in combination with an amphipathic apoprotein or lipocalin to organize the lipid into lamellar sheets. The challenge in producing replacements for these fluids in treating lubricity deficiency diseases such as dry eye, respiratory distress syndrome and arthritis is not in replacing the phospholipid, which is readily available in synthetic form, but in replacing the apoprotein component.
KeywordsOcular Surface Pepsin Digestion Ocular Surface Disease Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca Lacrimal Duct
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 3.G. Enhorning. Pulsating bubble technique for evaluating pulmonary surfactant. J Appl Physiol.: Respirat. Enviro.n Exercise Physiol. 43:198 (1977).Google Scholar
- 4.A.W. Adamson. Chapter XII, Friction and lubrication in: Physical Chemistry of Surfaces (5th Edn.). Wiley-Interscience. New York (1990).Google Scholar
- 5.Aston University. Lipid-containing compositions and uses thereof. PCT International Patent Application No. PCT/GB98/02546 (1998).Google Scholar