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Influence of Deep Brain Stimulation on Striatal Dopamine Release and Metabolism in the 6-Ohda-Model of Parkinson’s Disease

  • Wassilios Meissner
  • Daniel Harnack
  • Gesine Paul
  • Torsten Reum
  • Rudolf Morgenstern
  • Christine Winter
  • Andreas Kupsch
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 52)

Abstract

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is characterized by a progressive loss of nigro-striatal dopamine (DA) neurons1. Within the first years of disease the major symptoms can be sufficiently controlled by DAergic medication. However, long-term pharmacological treatment is complicated by the occurrence of dyskinesias and motor fluctuations. During the last ten years deep brain stimulation (DBS) of different targets within the basal ganglia has emerged as a new powerful therapeutic approach for the treatment of PD.2-4Whereas DBS of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) dramatically alleviates levodopasensitive symptoms such as rigidity, bradykinesia5tremor6and dyskinesia7the globus pallidus internus (GPi) has been successfully stimulated in PD patients improving levodopa-induced dyskinesias and other major motor symptoms.4,8,9The main advantage of this technique comprises its reversibility and the individual postoperative adjustment of the stimulation parameters10.

Keywords

Deep Brain Stimulation Globus Pallidus Subthalamic Nucleus Globus Pallidus Intemus High Frequency Stimulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wassilios Meissner
    • 1
  • Daniel Harnack
    • 1
  • Gesine Paul
    • 1
  • Torsten Reum
    • 2
  • Rudolf Morgenstern
    • 2
  • Christine Winter
    • 1
  • Andreas Kupsch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyCharitæ Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Humboldt UniversityBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Pharmacology and ToxicologyCharitæ Campus Mitte, Humboldt UniversityBerlinGermany

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