Advertisement

Adaptation to Coriolis Force Perturbation of Movement Trajectory

Role of proprioceptive and cutaneous somatosensory feedback
  • James R. Lackner
  • Paul DiZio
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 508)

Abstract

Subjects exposed to constant velocity rotation in a large fully-enclosed room that rotates initially make large reaching errors in pointing to targets. The paths and endpoints of their reaches are deviated in the direction of the transient lateral Coriolis forces generated by the forward velocity of their reaches. With additional reaches, subjects soon reach in straighter paths and become more accurate at landing on target even in the absence of visual feedback about their movements. Two factors contribute to this adaptation: first, muscle spindle and golgi tendon organ feedback interpreted in relation to efferent commands provide information about movement trajectory, and second, somatosensory stimulation of the fingertip at the completion of a reach provides information about the location of the fingertip relative to the torso.

Keywords

Coriolis Force Movement Trajectory Muscle Spindle Forward Velocity Movement Endpoint 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Birznieks, I., Jenmalm, P., Goodwin, A. W., and Johansson, R. S., 2001, Encoding of direction of fingertip forces by human tactile afferentsJournal of Neuroscience21, 8222–8237.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bizzi, E., Hogan, N., Mussa-Ivaldi, F. A., and Giszter, S., 1992, Does the nervous system use equilibrium-point control to guide single and multiple joint movements?Behavioural Brain Science15, 603–613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. DiZio, P., and Lackner, J. R., 2001, Coriolis force induced trajectory and endpoint errors in the reaching movements of labyrinthine defective subjectsJournal of Neurophysiology85, 784–789.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Feldman, A. G., 1966, Functional tuning of the nervous system during control of movement or maintenance of a steady posture--Ill. Mechanographic analysis of the execution by man of the simplest motor tasksBiofizika 11667–675.Google Scholar
  5. Feldman, A. G., 1986, Once more on the equilibrium-point hypothesis(lambdamodel) for motor control,Journal of Motor Behavior, 18, 17–54.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Feldman, A. G., Ostry, D. J., Levin, M. F., Gribble, P. L., and Mitnitski, A. B., 1998, Recent tests of equilibrium point hypothesis(lambdamodel),Motor Control, 2, 26–42.Google Scholar
  7. Gandevia, S. C., 1996, Kinesthesia: roles for afferent signals and motor commands, in:Handbook on Integration of Motor Circulatory Respiratory and Metabolic Control during Exercise. L.B. Rowell and J.T. Shephard, eds., American Physiological Society, pp. 128–172.Google Scholar
  8. Goodwin, G. M., McCloskey, D. I., and Matthews, P. B. C., 1972, The contribution of muscle afferents to kinaesthesia shown by vibration-induced illusions of movement and by the effects of paralysing joint afferentsBrain95, 705–748.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lackner, J. R., and DiZio, P., 1994, Rapid adaptation to Coriolis force perturbations of arm trajectoryJournal of Neurophysiology, 72, 299–313.Google Scholar
  10. Matthews, P. B. C., 1988, Proprioceptors and their contribution to somatosensory mapping: complex messages require complexprocessing Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology66, 430–438.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • James R. Lackner
  • Paul DiZio
    • 1
  1. 1.Ashton Graybiel Spatial Orientation Laboratory & Center for Complex Systems Brandeis UniversityWalthamUSA

Personalised recommendations