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Effect of polysaccharide sulfates on the production of interleukin-8 in an ex vivo model

  • Paweł P. Jagodzinski
  • Wiesław H. Trzeciak
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 495)

Abstract

Bacterial infections as well as immunological diseases result in activation of various endogenous mediators including cytokines (1). One of these cytokines is interleukin-8 (IL-8) which attracts neutrophils, basophils and T-cells, induces adherence to vascular endothelium and extravasation into tissue spaces (1). It has been evidenced that the levels of IL-8 in body fluids are elevated in the patients with inflammatory diseases: cardiac failure, rheumatoid arthritis, and infections of the renal, pulmonary, and urinary tracts (2, 3). IL-8 belongs to C-X-C chemokine family and is produced by a variety of cell types, including endothelial cells, hepatocytes, keratinocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages in response to lipopolysaccharides and inflammatory cytokines: tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a) and IL-1 (1,4). Numerous medicines have been used to stimulate the immune system. The root of Panax ginseng had been known in East Asia, as an elixir, used as an antiseptic, stomachic, tonic and sedative drug for thousands of years (5). It has recently been reported that acidic polysaccharides extracted from the root of Panax ginseng, stimulate IL-8 synthesis in monocyte-derived macrophages and may augment the activation and chemotaxis of neutrophils in the incidence of sepsis (5).

Keywords

Panax Ginseng Concentration Of30 Acidic Polysaccharide Chemokine Family Endogenous Mediator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paweł P. Jagodzinski
    • 1
  • Wiesław H. Trzeciak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology University School of Medical Sciences 6Swięcickiego St.PoznańPoland

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