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Aspects of the Ecology of Fusarium Toxins in Cereals

  • J. David Miller
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 504)

Abstract

Species of the genusFusariumaccount for three of the five agriculturally important mycotoxins which are deoxynivalenol, aflatoxin, fumonisin, zearalenone and ochratoxin. The toxigenic fusaria have been complicated to study because morphologically-similar strains represent different biologies: saprophytes, pathyotypes and endophytes. This might explain the difficulties with systems of taxonomy for Fusarium species and increasing reliance on molecular techniques to characterize taxa. Another remarkable feature of the toxigenic fusaria is that each species produces compounds that cross several species as well as families of compounds that are species specific. In addition, reproductively-isolated strains (from different continents) of important species such asF. graminearumproduce different compounds, and even produce the same compounds by different biosynthetic pathways.

Keywords

Fusarium Head Blight Fusarium Species Fusarium Head Blight Resistance Fusarium Graminearum Fusarium Moniliforme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. David Miller
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada

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