Evaluating Sustainability in Planning and Design
It has often been recognized that planning and design can play an important role in the achievement of sustainable development of cities. However, problems still exist with regards to both a clear understanding of sustainability in the built environment and a means of evaluating it within the context of urban planning and design.
This chapter will briefly compare different evaluation methods in urban planning, both ex ante approaches and monitoring, and their philosophical paradigms. Some significant limitations will be identified and discussed in the context of sustainability, such as the reductionism within many of the approaches and the lack of holism in the evaluation. The identified deficiencies will provide the motivation for the development of a new framework, which is able to integrate the different dimensions of sustainability in the built environment. The resulting framework will also have the potential to allow evaluation of the concept of sustainability over time.
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