Boron Deficiency in Cotton Grown on Calcareous Soils of Pakistan

I. Distribution of B availability and comparison of soil testing methods
  • E. Rafique
  • A. Rashid
  • A. U. Bhatti
  • G. Rasool
  • N. Bughio


Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Pakistan is grown in irrigated cotton-wheat system on ~3 Mha alkaline-calcareous, alluvial soils. Despite enhanced use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilisers, however, cotton productivity has rather stagnated or declined. Considering soils properties, boron (B) mining with cropping, prevalence of B deficiency in other crops (Rashid et al., 1994, Rashid et al., 1997) and high sensitivity of cotton to B deficiency (Shorrocks, 1992), B deficiency was also suspected in this crop. Therefore, we monitored B status and mapped spatial variability of B in cotton plants and associated soils across the major cotton areas of Pakistan.


Cotton Plant Calcareous Soil Alluvial Soil Cotton Field Geostatistical Technique 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Rafique
    • 1
  • A. Rashid
    • 1
  • A. U. Bhatti
    • 2
  • G. Rasool
    • 3
  • N. Bughio
    • 1
  1. 1.Soil Fertility & Plant Nutrition ProgramNational Agricultural Research CenterIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.NWFP Agricultural UniversityPeshawarPakistan
  3. 3.Engro Chemical Pakistan Ltd.BahawalpurPakistan

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