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Initiation of Leader in Long Air Gaps at Quasi-Steady Corona near Stressed Electrode

  • Nickolay L. Aleksandrov
  • Edward M. Bazelyan
  • Roy B. CarpenterJr.
  • Mark M. Drabkin
  • Yury P. Raizer

Abstract

Non-stationary streamer-free corona at slow (for seconds or dozens of seconds) voltage change is theoretically studied and numerically simulated. The obtained results are used to investigate the effect of injected space charge on initiation and development of a leader in long air gaps. The focus is on the initiation of upward lightning from a stationary grounded object in a thundercloud electric field. The main results are also applicable to leader process in long laboratory air gaps at constant voltage.

Keywords

Space Charge Lightning Discharge Leader Process Atmospheric Electric Field Corona Initiation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    E. M. Bazelyan, Transient characteristics of corona at constant current, Elektrichestvo, No. 6, 60–62 (1990).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. B. Loeb, Electrical Coronas (University of California Press, Los Angeles, 1965).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R.B.Carpenter Jr. and M.M. Drabkin, Improvement of lightning protection against direct strokes, IEEE 1997 International Symposium on EMC, pp.403–405, (August 1997, Austin, Texas)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E.M. Bazelyan and Yu.P. Raizer, Lightning Physics and Lightning Protection (IOP Publishing, Bristol, 2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M.A. Uman, Lightning Discharge (Academic Press, New York, 1987).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nickolay L. Aleksandrov
    • 1
  • Edward M. Bazelyan
    • 2
  • Roy B. CarpenterJr.
    • 3
  • Mark M. Drabkin
    • 3
  • Yury P. Raizer
    • 4
  1. 1.Moscow Institute of Physics & TechnologyDolgoprudnyRussia
  2. 2.Krzhizhanovsky Power Engineering InstituteMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Lightning Eliminators & Consultants, Inc.BoulderUSA
  4. 4.Institute of Problems in MechanicsMoscowRussia

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