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Metaphor and Change in Cognitive and Constructive Psychotherapies

  • William J. Lyddon
  • Darlys J. Alford

Abstract

The emergence of the constructivist perspective in cognitive science and psychotherapy (Neimeyer & Mahoney, 1995; Rosen & Kuehlwein, 1996; Sexton & Griffin, 1997) has served to highlight a central role for human language, narrative, and stories in the creation of psychological realities (Anderson & Goolishian, 1988; Efran, Lukens & Lukens, 1990; Hare-Mustin, 1994; Russell, 1995; Shotter, 1993). In contrast to objectivist accounts of language as a representation or map of the contours of some a priori reality existing “behind” language, constructivists emphasize the way in which humans use language to invent personal and social realities (cf. Gergen, 1994; Johnson, 1987; Lakoff, 1987). One important consequence of this focus on language has been a greater appreciation for the metaphorical features of human knowing and meaning creation (Carlsen, 1996). Indeed, recognized as a form of thought with its own epistemological functions, metaphors have played a central role in structuring human understanding across many domains of inquiry, from the philosophical and scientific to the more personal and psychological (Lakoff & Johnson, 1980; Leary, 1990a; Lyddon, 1989).

Keywords

Cognitive Therapy Core Belief Conjunction Fallacy Implicational Meaning Tacit Belief 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • William J. Lyddon
    • 1
  • Darlys J. Alford
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Southern MississippiUSA

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