Setting Phenotypes in a Mutual Help Organization: Expanding Behavior Setting Theory

  • Douglas A. Luke
  • Julian Rappaport
  • Edward Seidman


The legacy of the person-environment debate is an appreciation by social scientists of the importance of both person and place in understanding human behavior (Bandura, 1978; Bern & Funder, 1978; Pervin, 1987). Despite this awareness, systematic study of the relationship between people and settings has been both rare and had only isolated impact on mainstream psychology (see Barker, 1978; Bronfenbrenner, 1979; and Moos, 1984, for notable exceptions). The major reason stems from a psychological world view which tends to see behavior and settings as independent entities; although they may interact with each other, usually in a unidirectional fashion, they are rarely seen as parts of a larger whole (Altman & Rogoff, 1987). An additional reason is the complexity associated with environmental assessment.


Internal Dynamic Community Psychology Behavior Setting Grow Group Ecological Psychology 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas A. Luke
  • Julian Rappaport
  • Edward Seidman

There are no affiliations available

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