Late Amazonian

  • Anna Roosevelt
Chapter

Abstract

absolute time period: 2000-50 b.p. Several hundred radiocarbon dates have been run for the culture in the eastern, western, and southern Amazon. The 25 dates for the polychrome subtradition from Marajo island in the east range from about a.d. 400 to 1100. Polychrome culture sites in Ecuador, Peru, and Colombia in the western Amazon tend to have later dates: from about a.d. 1100 to 1400, but a culture in the Ecuadorian Amazon has dates as early as about 2000 years ago. The latest subtradition is the Incised and Punctate culture horizon. Radiocarbon dates from sites in many regions show that the main florescence of this culture dated between a.d. 1000 and 1500. However, both the Parmana and Santarem areas have also produced numerous radiocarbon dates between a.d. 500 and 1000 for early stages of the tradition. The earlier dates in these areas may mean that the tradition began in the east and spread west, but perhaps there are too few dated areas of the horizon tone to establish statistically significant regional differences.

Keywords

Burning Maize Sandstone Shale Excavation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Roosevelt
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyThe Field MuseumUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of IllinoisChicagoUSA

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