Introduction — Problems of Multi-Level Democracies

  • Per Molander
Part of the ZEI Studies in European Economics and Law book series (ZEIS, volume 6)


“Only a few years ago the inhabitants of Gothenburg were faced with just two ballot forms, one for the Riksdag (the national parliament) and one for the municipality,” Olof Petersson writes in his contribution to this book. “Today the people of Gothenburg are represented by politicians at six levels: the European Parliament, Västra Götaland (the county council), the Gothenburg region (indirectly elected), Gothenburg (the municipality), and the neighbourhood council (also indirectly elected)1. How will popular will be realised in what is far from a transparent system?”


Unitary State County Council Fiscal Decentralization National Parliament Local Autonomy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Per Molander
    • 1
  1. 1.MapsecStockholmSweden

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