Generation of the Membrane Potential

  • L. Donald Partridge
  • Lloyd D. Partridge


Knowledge of the existence of bioelectric potentials must certainly go back to the first unfortunate encounters that people had with electric fish, but an understanding of the origin of these potentials awaited the advances in physical chemistry that occurred near the end of the 19th century.


Membrane Potential Concentration Gradient Rest Membrane Potential Equilibrium Potential Excitable Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



  1. Berridge, M.J. (1998) Neuronal calcium signaling. Neuron 21:13–26.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ferreira, H.G., and Marshall, M.W. (1985) The Biophysical Basis of Excitability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Goldman, D. (1943) Potential, impedance, and rectification in membranes. J. Gen. Physiol. 27:37–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hille, B. (2001) Ionic Channels of Excitable Membranes. 3rd. ed. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.Google Scholar
  5. Hodgkin, A.L., and Katz, B. (1949) The effect of sodium ions on the electrical activity of the giant axon of the squid. J. Physiol. 108:37–77.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Stevens, C.F. (1995) Six core theories of modern physics. MIT Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar

Additional Reading

  1. Green, R.M. (1953) A Translation of Luigi Galvani’s De viribus electricitaitis in motu musculari Commentarius. Elizabeth Licht, Publisher, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  2. Nernst, W. (1888) Zur Kinetik der Lösung befmdlichen Körper: Theorie der Diffusion. Z.phys. Chem. 2:613–637.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Donald Partridge
    • 1
  • Lloyd D. Partridge
    • 2
  1. 1.University of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.University of MemphisMemphisUSA

Personalised recommendations