Inclined Buoyant Jet in Stagnant Environment

  • Joseph H. W. Lee
  • Vincent H. Chu


The analysis of straight jets and plumes in the previous chapters has provided us with a basic understanding of turbulence and mixing in jets and plumes, and some tools to obtain reliable estimates in asymptotic cases. However, for many engineering problems it is far more convenient and often necesssary to use a general integral jet model. In this chapter we develop such a model for the case of inclined buoyant jets. The formulation for the inclined buoyant jets is an extension to the problems of the straight jets and plumes, and is a prelude to the general formulation of the jet-and-plume problems to include the effects of density stratification and crossflow in the later chapters.


Vortex Sedimentation Photosynthesis Sewage Stratification 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph H. W. Lee
    • 1
  • Vincent H. Chu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringThe University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering and Applied MechanicsMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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