Why do Ict technologies and the Internet find it hard to spread into industrial districts and favour knowledge exchange?

  • Giorgio Gottardi
Part of the Economics of Science, Technology and Innovation book series (ESTI, volume 29)

Abstract

It is well known that Ict and Internet technologies, namely allwwwand e-commerce applications, enormously multiply the number of relationships that any agent can establish and hold. So, the intensity of such relations tends to grow, in terms of frequency of contacts and speed of information exchange. However, in order to exchange not just data, but also information and knowledge, we need not only technological infrastructures that use the same technical standards, but also common languages and interpretative codes. This last condition constitutes a serious restraint to the globalisation process that is in principle allowed by a worldwide utilisation of the Internet. If the environment is sufficiently large, we will encounter fundamental diversities, linked to the various cultures, languages and institutions that regulate social and economic relations. Today these heterogeneities, more than the enduring lack of global standards for the transactions (e.g. contracts, reliable systems of payment, etc.) impede the international development of e-commerce. This could bring us to admit that physical proximity is now, and could remain for long, a very important factor (Storper and Harrison, 1991;Rullani, 1995). In this perspective, the assumptions about the possible vanishing of physical distance, often associated with the advantages of open networks as the Internet is, could represent a fascinating Utopia.

Keywords

Assure Meso Metaphor Autochthonous 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Antonelli C. and Gottardi G. (1991), The Interaction between the Generations and the Diffusion of New TechnologiesEconomics of Innovation and New Technologiesvol.1, no. 4, p. 309–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bolisani E. and Scarso E. (2000), “Electronic communication and knowledge transfer”International Journal of Technology ManagementSpecial Issue on Technology Management in a Post-Fordist Environment, vol. 20. no.1–2, p. 116–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brousseau E. and Rallet, A. (1999), (eds.), Technologies de l’Information, Organisation et Performances EconomiquesCommissariat Général du PlanRapport du group de travail, Paris.Google Scholar
  4. Capitani G. and Di Maria E. (2000), “Le nuove tecnologie dell’informazione e della comunicazione come fattore strategico di sviluppo locale”, in, Micelli S., Di Maria EDistretti industriali e tecnologie di rete progettare la convergenzaFranco Angeli, Milan.Google Scholar
  5. Chiarvesio M. (2001), “Un portale per il distretto industriale della sedia”, in De Toni A, Grandinetti R. (eds.)Conoscenze relazioni e tecnologie di rete pelle filiere distrettualiFranco Angeli, Milan.Google Scholar
  6. Chiarvesio M. and Micelli S. (2000), “Reti e nuove tecnologie nei distretti industriali del Nord-Est. Risultati dell’osservatorio Tedis”, in, Micelli S. and Di Maria E, (eds.)Distretti industriali e tecnologie di rete progettare la convergenzaFranco Angeli, Milan.Google Scholar
  7. Evans P. and Wurster T. (1997), “Strategy and the new economy information”Harvard Business Reviewno. 5, p. 70–82.Google Scholar
  8. Foray D. and Mairesse J. (1999), (eds.)Innovations et performances des firmesEditions de l’École des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris.Google Scholar
  9. Daft R.L. and Lengel R.H. (1986), “Organisational Information Requirements, Media Richness and Structural Design”Management Sciencevol. 32, no. 5, p. 554–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Davenport T.H. and Prusak L. (1998)Working Knowledge: How Organisations Manage What They KnowHarvard Business School Press, Boston.Google Scholar
  11. Demarest M. (1997), “Understanding knowledge management”Long Range Planningvol. 30, no.3, p. 374–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Di Maria E. (2000), “Vertical Communities e distretti virtuali”, in Micelli S. and Di Maria E. (eds.)Distretti industriali e tecnologie di rete progettare la convergenzaFranco Angeli, Milan.Google Scholar
  13. Garavelli A.C. and Gorgoglione M. (2000)Attori processi e tecnologie del trasferimento di sapere e saper fare nelle imprese: un modello di analisiTecnologia, organi7za7ione e fattore umano, Associazione Italiana di Ingegneria Gestionale, Turin, 10 November.Google Scholar
  14. Gottardi G. (1996), Technology strategies innovation without R&D, and the creation of knowledge within industrial districtsJournal of Industry Studiesvol. 3, no. 2, p. 119–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gottardi G. (2000), “Innovation and the creation of knowledge in Italian industrial districts. A system model”, in Belussi F., Gottardi G. (eds.), 2000Evolutionary Patterns of Local Industrial Systems. Toward a Cognitive Approach to the Industrial DistrictsAshgate, Aldershot.Google Scholar
  16. Gomez M. (1998)Non redistributing prices and exclusion in the evolution of InternetUranga University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Departamento de Economia Aplicada I, mimeo.Google Scholar
  17. von Hayek F.A. (1948)Individualism and Economic OrderUniversity of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  18. ITU (1994), Report on the State of World Communications“International Telecommunication UnionNewsletter, no. 1, p. 9–12.Google Scholar
  19. Millar J,. Demaid A. and Quintas P. (1997), “Trans-organisational innovation: a framework for research”Technology Analysis and Strategic Managementvol. 9, no. 4, p. 399–418.Google Scholar
  20. Micelli S. and De Pietro L. (1997), “Reti senza tecnologie: la diffusione delle tecnologie nelle imprese del Nordest”Economia e società regionaleno.2p. 5–27.Google Scholar
  21. Nonaka I. (1991), “The knowledge creating company”Harvard Business ReviewNov.-Dec, p. 96–104.Google Scholar
  22. Nonaka I. (1994), “A dynamic theory of organizational knowledge creation”Organization Sciencevol. 5, no.1, p. 14–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Polanyi M. (1967)The Tacit DimensionDoubleday Anchor, Garden City, NY.Google Scholar
  24. Storper M. and Harrison B. (1991), “Flexibility, Hierarchy and Regional Development: The Changing Structure of Industrial Production Systems and their Forms of Governance in the 1990s”Research Policyvol. 20, p. 407–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rullani E. (1995), “Distretti industriali e economia globale”Oltre il Ponteno. 50, p. 5–61.Google Scholar
  26. Rullani E. (2000), Tecnologie della conoscenza e distretti industriali: due linee di evoluzione, in, Micelli S. and Di Maria E. (eds.)Distretti industriali e tecnologie di rete progettare la convergenzaFranco Angeli, Milan.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giorgio Gottardi

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations