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Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation in Africa Through Indigenous Knowledge

  • M. B. K. Dakoh

Abstract

It is increasingly becoming apparent that strategies are needed to help policy makers in Africa reconcile the task of conserving biodiversity while at the same time increasing agricultural productivity. In this paper, I explore some of the complementary activities between agriculture and biodiversity. I also discuss some of the characteristics and advantages of indigenous management systems in the management of agriculture and biodiversity. In the past, indigenous knowledge or local farmer knowledge about production systems has been largely overlooked, though, farmers are seen as partners to conserve and manage biodiversity whether for nature reserves, or to improve crops and livestock yields. I maintain that local knowledge systems, traditions, institutions and environmental conditions are fundamental to biodiversity conservation and management. As a matter of policy, I advocate the promotion of agricultural programs and biodiversity conservation projects that incorporate indigenous knowledge in their design and implementation. A blend of modern science and indigenous knowledge will be required to face the challenges of increasing agricultural production and managing the environment on a sustainable basis in the decades ahead in Africa.

Keywords

Biodiversity Conservation Indigenous Knowledge Traditional Ecological Knowledge Agricultural Intensification Sustainable Basis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. B. K. Dakoh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceUniversity of BotswanaGaboroneBotswana

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