Sleep pp 201-205 | Cite as

Transient and short term insomnia

  • R. Peraita Adrados


The Consensus Development Conference on sleep disorders convened by the National Institute of Mental Health in 1979 [14] subdivided insomnia into transient, short term, and long term or chronic conditions. The first type lasts one to several days, the second, from one to 4 weeks and chronic insomnia for more than 4 weeks. The first and second types will be dealt with in this chapter, i.e. insomnia which is systematically linked to a clearly determined, perfectly identifiable cause, occurring in persons with a history of normal sleep. The International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD) [9] comprises four sections, dyssomnias, parasomnias, sleep disorders associated with medical or psychiatric disorders and “proposed” sleep disorders. The section on dyssomnias itself comprises three subgroups: intrinsic sleep disorders, extrinsic sleep disorders and circadian rhythm sleep disorders. Most transient and short term insomnias are classed in the subgroup of extrinsic disorders, i.e. those whose causes are external to the organism Four of the main ones will be dealt with here: insomnia due to inadequate sleep hygiene, environment-related insomnia, altitude insomnia and adjustment or short term insomnia, to which will be added insomnia due to transient physical stress, pain, coughing, pruritis, not explicitly mentioned in the ICSD, as well as rebound insomnia following the discontinuation of certain hypnotics.


Sleep Disorder NREM Sleep Chronic Insomnia Rebound Insomnia Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Peraita Adrados
    • 1
  1. 1.Unidad de SueñoHospital Gregorio MarañonMadridEspaña

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