Advertisement

HIV/AIDS, Adolescence

  • Kerry L. Marsh
  • Blair T. Johnson
  • Michael P. Carey

Abstract

An essential step in attacking the pandemic of HIV is changing adolescents’ sexual risk behavior. Individuals become infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through contact with infected body fluids, primarily through sexual intercourse or contact with infected blood (sharing needles in drug injection or receiving blood transfusions). Though unsafe drug injection practices render some adolescents (e.g., drug users) at high risk, every adolescent has potential sexual risk.

Keywords

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Sexual Risk Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Sexual Risk Behavior Acquire Immune Deficiency Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Albarracin, D., Johnson, B.T., Fishbein, M., Muellerleile, P.A. (2001). Theories of reasoned action and planned behavior as models of condom use: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 142–161.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bandura, A. (1994). Social cognitive theory and exercise of control over AIDS. In R. DiClemente & J. Peterson (Eds.), Preventing AIDS: Theories, methods, and behavioral interventions (pp. 25–60). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  3. Barth, R.P., Leland, N., Kirby, D., & Fetro, J.V. (1992). Enhancing social and cognitive skills. In B.C. Miller (Ed.), Preventing adolescent pregnancy: Model, programs, and evaluations (pp. 53–83). Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar
  4. Bureau of HIV/AIDS, STD and TB, Health Canada (2000, April). HIV and AIDS among youth in Canada. HIV/AIDS Epi Update.Google Scholar
  5. Catania, J.A., Kegeles, S.M., & Coates, T.J. (1990). Towards an understanding of risk behavior: An AIDS risk reduction model (ARRM). Health Education Quarterly, 17, 53–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2001). HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2000, 12(2).Google Scholar
  7. Division of STD Prevention. (2000, September). Sexually transmitted disease surveillance, 1999. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).Google Scholar
  8. Fishbein, M., & Middlestadt, S.E. (1989). Using the theory of reasoned action as a framework for understanding and changing AIDS-related behaviors. In V. Mays, G. Albee, & S. Schneider (Eds.), Primary prevention of AIDS: Psychological approaches (pp. 93–110). Beverly Hills: Sage.Google Scholar
  9. Fisher, J.D., & Fisher, W.A. (1992). Changing AIDS-risk behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 111, 455–474.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fisher, J.D., & Fisher, W.A. (2000). Theoretical approaches to individual-level change in HIV-risk behavior. In J. Peterson & R. DiClemente (Eds.), HIV prevention handbook (pp. 3–55). New York: Plenum.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Franklin, C, Grant, D., Corcoran, J., Miller, P.O.D., & Bultman, L. (1997). Effectiveness of prevention programs for adolescent pregnancy: A meta-analysis.Journal of Marriage and the Family, 59, 551–567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gilchrist, L.D., & Schinke, S.P. (1983). Coping with contraception: Cognitive and behavioral methods with adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58, 432–436.Google Scholar
  13. Guyatt, G.H., DiCenso, A., Farewell, V., Willan, A., & Griffith, L. (2000). Randomized trials versus observational studies in adolescent pregnancy prevention. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 53, 167–174.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Helweg-Larson, M., & Collins, B.E. (1997). A social psychological perspective on the role of knowledge about AIDS in AIDS prevention.Current Directions, 6, 23–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hovell, M., Blumberg, E., Sipan, C., Hofstetter, C.R., Burkham, S., Atkins, C., & Felice, M. (1998). Skills training for pregnancy and AIDS prevention in Anglo and Latino youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 23, 139–149.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hubbard, B.M., Giese, M.L., & Rainey, J. (1998). A replication study of Reducing the Risk: A theory-based sexuality curriculum for adolescents. Journal of School Health, 68, 243–247.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jemmott, J.B., & Jemmott, L.S. (2000). HIV behavioral interventions for adolescents in community settings. In J.L. Peterson & R.J. DiClemente (Eds.), Handbook of HIV prevention (pp. 103–127). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jemmott, J.B., Jemmott, L.S., & Fong, G.T. (1992). Reductions in HIV risk-associated sexual behaviors among black male adolescents: Effects of an AIDS prevention intervention. American Journal of Public Health, 82, 372–377.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Johnson, B.T., Carey, M.P., Marsh, K.L., & Levin, K.D. (2001).Interventions to prevent HIV in adolescents (1985–2000): A meta-analysis. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  20. Kelly, J.A., St. Lawrence, J.S., & Stevenson, L.Y. (1992). Community AIDS/HIV risk reduction: The effects of endorsements by popular people in three cities.American Journal of Public Health, 82, 1483–1489.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kirby, D. (1995).A review of educational programs designed to reduce sexual risk-taking behaviors among school-aged youth in the United States. Santa Cruz, CA: ETR Associates.Google Scholar
  22. Kirby, D. (1999). Sexuality and sex education at home and school. Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, 10, 195–209.Google Scholar
  23. Kvalem, I.L., Sundet, J.M., Rivo, K.I., Eilertsen, D.E., & Bakketeig, L.S. (1996). The effect of sex education on adolescents’ use of condoms: Applying the Solomon four-group design. Health Education Quarterly, 23, 34–47.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Prochaska, J.O., & Velicer, W.F. (1997). The transtheoretical model of health behavior change.American Journal of Health Promotion, 12, 38–48.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rickert, V.I., Gottlieb, A.A., & Jay, M.S. (1992). Is AIDS education related to condom acquisition? Clinical Pediatrics, 31, 205–210.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rosenstock, M., Strecher, V., & Becker, M. (1994). The Health Belief Model and HIV risk behavior change. In R. DiClemente & J. Peterson (Eds.), Preventing AIDS: Theories, methods, and behavioral interventions (pp. 5–24). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  27. Rotheram-Borus, M.J., Koopman, C., Haignere, C., & Davies, M. (1991). Reducing HIV_sexual risk behaviors among runaway adolescents. Journal of the American Medical Association, 266, 1237–1241.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Slonim-Nevo, V., Ozawa, M.N., & Auslander, W.F. (1991). Knowledge, attitudes and behaviors related to AIDS among youth in residential centers: Results from an exploratory study. Journal of Adolescence, 14, 17–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Smith, M.A.B. (1994). Teen Incentives Program: Evaluation of a health promotion model for adolescent pregnancy prevention. Journal of Health Education, 25, 24–29.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. St. Lawrence, J., Brasfíeld, T., Jefferson, K.W., Alleyne, E., O’Bannon III, R.E., & Shirley, A. (1995). Cognitive-behavioral interventions to reduce African American adolescents’ risk for HIV infection. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 7, 379–388.Google Scholar
  31. St. Lawrence, J., Jefferson, K.W., Alleyne, E., & Brasfield, T. (1995). Comparison of education versus behavioral skills training interventions in lowering sexual HIV-risk behavior of substance dependent adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 154–157.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. UNAIDS (2000, June). Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic.Google Scholar
  33. Wilcox, B.L., & Wyatt, J. (1997, November). Adolescent abstinence education programs: A meta-analysis. Paper presented at the Joint Annual Meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality and the American Association of Sex Educators, Counselors, and Therapists, Arlington, VA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kerry L. Marsh
  • Blair T. Johnson
  • Michael P. Carey

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations