Child Care, Early Childhood

  • Angela A. Crowley
  • Grace-Ann C. Whitney


This entry addresses the preventive capacity of early care and education programs. Early care and education encompasses a variety of program types providing early childhood services, including child care, Head Start, and pre-kindergarten. It includes both center-based care and family child care. This entry discusses programs serving infants and toddlers as well as those for preschool-aged children. It will not cover school-age care for children once they enter kindergarten. However, many of the issues relevant for early care and education has relevance for early elementary school-aged populations too. This entry addresses growth and development primarily from a health perspective, while acknowledging that physical and mental development are interdependent. Cognitive issues are mentioned, but this entry does not elaborate on the variety of curricular aspects of quality early care. Finally, the World Health Organization’s definition of health, “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of infirmity” (Tempkin, 1953, p. 21) is used.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela A. Crowley
  • Grace-Ann C. Whitney

There are no affiliations available

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