Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Childhood

  • Miriam Mulsow
  • Jeong Rim Lee


While existing knowledge does not enable us to prevent ADHD, there is much that can be done to improve the lives of children with this disorder. These preventive interventions are directed toward modifying the environment around these children to enhance their ability to function successfully as well as to strengthen the child’s ability to cope with this disorder and avoid long-term problematic outcomes.


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Oppositional Defiant Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Unintended Pregnancy Parent Training 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Babinski, L.M., Hartsough, C.S., & Lambert, N.M. (1999). Childhood conduct problems, hyperactivity-impulsivity, and inattention as predictors of adult criminal activity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40, 347–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barkley, R. (1997). Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: Constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 65–94.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barkley, R.A. (1998). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  4. Biederman, J., Wilens, T., Mick, E., Spencer, T., & Faraone, S.V. (1999). Pharmacotherapy of attention-deficitlhyperactivity disorder reduces risk for substance use disorder. Pediatrics, 104, e20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cunningham, C.E., Bremner, R., & Secord-Gilbert, M. (1993) Increasing the availability, accessibility, and cost efficacy of services for families of ADHD children: A school-based systems-oriented parenting course. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 9, 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Danforth, J.S. (1998). The outcome of parent training using the Behavior Management Flow Chart with mothers and their children with oppositional defiant disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Behavior Modification, 22, 443–473.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dulcan, M., Dunne, J.E., Ayers, W., Arnold, V., Benson, S., Bernet, W. et al. (1997). Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: AACAP Official Action. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(Suppl.), 85S–121S.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Faraone, S.V., Doyle, A.E., Mick, E., & Biederman, J. (2001). Meta-analysis of the association between the 7-repeat allele of the dopa-mine D-sub-4 receptor gene and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry [Special Issue], 158, 1052–1057.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fisher, M. (1990). Parenting stress and the child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 19, 337–346.Google Scholar
  10. Gjone, H., Stevenson, J., & Sundet, J.M. (1996). Genetic influence on parent-reported attention-related problems in a Norwegian general population twin sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 588–596.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Greenhill, L.L. (1998). Childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Pharmacological treatments. In P.E. Nathan & J.M. Gorman (Eds.), A guide to treatments that work, (pp. 26–41). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Hinshaw, S.P., Klein, R.G., & Abikoff, H. (1998). Childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Nonpharmacological and combination treatment. In RE. Nathan & J.M. Gorman (Eds.), A guide to treatments that work (pp. 26–41). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Hoza, B., Owens, J.S., Pelham, W.E, Swanson, J.M, Connors, C.K. et al. (2000). Parent cognitions as predictors of child treatment response in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology [Special Issue] Child and family characteristics as predictors and outcomes in the Multimodal Treatment Study of ADHD (MTA Study), 28, 569–583.Google Scholar
  14. Joseph, J. (2000). Not in their genes: A critical view of the genetics of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Developmental Review, 20, 539–567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kendall, J. (1999). Sibling accounts of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Family Process, 38, 117–136.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. MTA Cooperative Group. (1999). A 14-month randomized clinical trial of treatment strategies for attention defìcit/hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 1073–1086.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mulsow, M., O’Neal, K., & Murry, V.M. (2001). Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, the family, and child maltreatment. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse: A Review Journal, 2, 36–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nash, J.K. (2000). Treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with neurotherapy. Clinical Electroencephalography, 31, 30–37.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Statement Online 16 (1998, November 10) Diagnosis and treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Accessed November 16–18, 1999, pp. 1–37. Available at: Scholar
  20. Teeter, P.A. (1998). Intervention for ADHD: Treatment in developmental context. NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
  21. Thomas, J.M. (1995). Traumatic stress disorder presents as hyperactivity and disruptive behavior: Case presentation, diagnoses, and treatment. Infant Mental Health Journal, 16 [Special Issue] Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in infants and young children. 306–317.Google Scholar
  22. Wilens, T.E., Biederman, J., Spencer, T., & Frances, R.J. (1994). Comorbidity of attention-deficit hyperactivity and psychoactive substance use disorders. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 45, 421–423, 435.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miriam Mulsow
  • Jeong Rim Lee

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations