Movement Inhibition and Next Sensory State Prediction in the Basal Ganglia

  • Amanda Bischoff-Grethe
  • Michael G. Crowley
  • Michael A. Arbib
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 54)

Abstract

The basal ganglia (BG) have received increasing attention over the last decade from both experimentalists and computational modelers in an effort to more fully understand their role in motor control. Their suggested role has ranged from motor preparation and facilitation2,18 to initiation21 and program selection7,22 to motor inhibitions51. All these models have the BG more or less directly involved in the control of movements, either by selecting the motor command to be executed, or through the facilitation of a motor command presumably selected by cortical mechanisms. However, researchers have found that patients with diseases of the BG, particularly Huntington’s disease and Parkinson’s disease (PD), do not have significant motor control difficulties when visual input is available12,16,53 but do have problems with specific forms of internally driven sequences of movements20 as well as certain forms of motor memory tasks47,52. This implies that the basal ganglia are less involved in the selection of a single, sensorially shaped motor command, but may instead be involved in assisting cortical planning centers in some fashion as well as provide sequencing information for cross-modal movements, e.g., simultaneous arm reach, hand grasp, head movement and eye movement.

Keywords

Dopamine Neurol Tral Prep Dystonia 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda Bischoff-Grethe
    • 1
  • Michael G. Crowley
    • 2
  • Michael A. Arbib
    • 2
  1. 1.Psychology Service, San Diego VA Healthcare System, and Department of PsychiatryUniversity of CaliforniaSan Diego, La JollaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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