Excitatory Amino Acid Neurotoxicity

  • Thomas Gillessen
  • Samantha L. Budd
  • Stuart A. Lipton
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 513)

Abstract

The excitatory potency of the acidic amino acids glutamate and aspartate in various regions of the central nervous system (CNS) has been recognized since the 1960 s.1,2 Nevertheless, the earlier findings that these amino acids are (1) constituents of intermediary metabolism and are (2) located in the brain ubiquitously in high concentrations rendered them unlikely candidates as neurotransmitters. These findings fueled a sustained debate about their physiological role as neurotransmitters in the 1970s. Today, L-glutamate is accepted as the predominant fast excitatory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain.

Keywords

Lipase Phytoplankton Dementia Enzymatic Degradation Glaucoma 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Gillessen
    • 1
  • Samantha L. Budd
    • 2
  • Stuart A. Lipton
    • 3
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry, Kraepelinstrasse 2-10MuenchenGermany
  2. 2.Astra Zeneca R&D S dert lje, BioscienceHuddingeSweden
  3. 3.The Burnham Institute

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