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The Function of Neuropilin/L1 Complex

  • V. Castellani
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 515)

Abstract

L1, a cell adhesion molecule of the Ig superfamily (IgCAM) plays a critical role in the formation of neuronal networks. This is reflected by the variety of clinical signs associated with the X-linked recessive neurological disorder that is caused by mutations in the Ll gene. LI regulates the formation of axon fascicles and promotes neurite outgrowth through interaction with a wide spectrum of binding partners including cell adhesion molecules and extra-cellular matrix components. Here we describe the emerging evidence that indicates, in addition to these well-established functions, that Ll participates in the signaling of a secreted guidance cue of the Semaphorin family, Sema3A. Three types of experimental evidence support LI as a key component of the Sema3A receptor complex. First, Li-deficient axons do not respond to Sema3A-induced chemorepulsion. Second, L1 and NRPI, the neuropilin responsible for Sema3A binding, associate through their extracellular domains, forming a cell surface heterocomplex. Third, a soluble form of Ll modulates axonal responsiveness to Sema3A, by converting Sema3A chemorepulsion into attraction.

Keywords

Growth Cone Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule Axon Guidance Cortical Slice Ventral Spinal Cord 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Castellani
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Neurogenése et Morphogenése dans le Développement et chez l’Adulte, UMR 6156Université de la Méditerranée, IBDM, Parc Scientifique de LuminyMarseille cedex 9France

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