Novel Agricultural Materials for Food and Feed. The Transgenic Crops: From Cereals to Potato

  • Józef Fornal
  • Wioletta Błaszczak
  • Stanisław Grundas

Abstract

In agricultural production, seeds, tubers, and fruits are usually the most economically important part of the plant as well as central and essential source of food and feed. A prime objective of plant physiology and genetic research is therefore to maximize the harvest yield. Increases in the yield of crop species resulted mainly from changes in assimilation by reducing the growth of non-harvestable organs (Dejardin et al., 1997), in particular starch and protein - the main components of the seeds and tubers upon which nutritional and industrial application seem to be dependent. Only since the 1940’s have yields of plants breeding significantly increased, through the introduction of hybrid cereal seed, chemical inputs, mechanization, and improved breeding methods (Shulman, 1999). However the quality of harvested grain and/or tuber and their main storage component, i.e. starch and protein has not been greatly improved using only the above-mentioned methods. Bearing in mind a very complicated mechanism of biology as well as physiology of plant organs, the influence of the agricultural factors only on the yield and quality of plant components seems to be not enough. The techniques for alternation of the biosynthesis of plant components or the ones which are based on the regulatory process of the storage products must be applied for modification of plant and its properties and for better filling of human needs (Schulman, 1999).

Keywords

Carbohydrate Foam Lipase Milling Bacillus 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Józef Fornal
    • 1
  • Wioletta Błaszczak
    • 1
  • Stanisław Grundas
    • 2
  1. 1.Polish Academy of SciencesInstitute of Animal Reproduction and Food ResearchOlsztynPoland
  2. 2.Polish Academy of SciencesInstitute of AgrophysicsLublinPoland

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