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Biosynthesis and Metabolism of Glutathione in Plants

  • Melinda Neal Martin
Part of the Genetic Engineering: Principles and Methods book series (GEPM, volume 25)

Abstract

Glutathione (GSH) is the tripeptide y-glutamyl-cysteinyl-glycine (Figure 1). It has been identified in all eukaryotic organisms thus far examined and in many prokaryotes. In most it is the major nonprotein thiol. Some plants synthesize both GSH and a homologue, which has the C-tenninal glycine replaced with another amino acid. Examples include many legumes that synthesize in addition to GSH, homoglutathione with the structure y-glutamyl-cysteinyl-ß-alanine (1), rice and wheat in the family Poaceae that synthesize a tripeptide with the structure yglutamyl-cysteinyl-serine (2), and maize that synthesizes y-glutamyl-cysteinyl-glutamate (3,4). Many aerobic prokaryotes synthesize GSH or a homologue such as glutathionyl-spermidine (5). By contrast, anaerobic bacteria generally do not synthesize GSH (6).

Keywords

Glutathione Reductase Multidrug Resistance Protein Brassica Juncea Glutathione Synthetase Sulfur Assimilation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melinda Neal Martin
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Biotechnology and the EnvironmentRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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