Micronutrient Deficiency and Supplementation in Indonesian Infants
Health of infants in developing countries is constantly challenged by pathogens. Unfortunately, the immune system of newborn infants is immature, developing during the first year of life to attain adequate immunocompetence at about one year of age. During the first few months of life, maternal antibodies (especially IgG) acquired in utero circulate and protect the newborn. In addition, via breast milk, the infant acquires considerable amounts of immunoglobulins (mostly sIgA) and possibly other humoral and cellular components of the mother’s immune defence. The protective effect of sIgA in breast milk is restricted to the gut. The precise role of the other immunomodulatory components of breast milk, remains unclear.
KeywordsIron Deficiency Breast Milk Zinc Deficiency Iron Supplementation Micronutrient Deficiency
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