Institutions, Organizations, and Reciprocity
In primitive societies, or in the more natural state of humankind, unbalanced reciprocity may result from natural differentials in strength, talent, ability, or intelligence. In simple societies the hierarchies created by such natural differentials will be inherently unstable because of behavioral tension and will shift as the differentials become less so. Underlying all inequalities or unbalanced transactions is a measure of restless behavioral tension. As a matter of historical record, people act to change them as circumstances will permit—sometimes quietly, sometimes violently.
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