Functional Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Hand

  • Ton A. R. SchreudersEmail author
  • J. Wim Brandsma
  • Henk J. Stam


Rehabilitation of the impaired hand is complicated and, in many cases, unworkable without the knowledge of its anatomy and biomechanics. This knowledge is needed not only for determining the appropriate treatment but also to prevent irreversible problems that occur in the rehabilitation of the inured hand, e.g., the adduction contractures of the thumb.

The intricate anatomy of the hand with its many structures working together makes analysis of hand function something for the experienced doctor and/or therapists. Not only are the fingers and its structures widely connected and therefore influence each other; there are few spare parts and little redundancy. If one finger, or even a small part of a tendon or ligament tendon, does not move, the whole hand can have an impaired function.

This chapter aims to describe the most important aspects of the anatomy and biomechanics of the hand.


Extensor Tendon Flexor Digitorum Superficialis Ulnar Collateral Ligament Flexor Digitorum Profundus Volar Plate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ton A. R. Schreuders
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Wim Brandsma
    • 2
  • Henk J. Stam
    • 3
  1. 1.Rehabilitation MedicineErasmus MC: University Medical CenterRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Vrije Universiteit AmsterdamHoevelakenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical TherapyErasmus MC: University Medical CenterRotterdamThe Netherlands

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