Mechanical Systems

  • Karl A. SeelerEmail author


A mechanical system is a system in which the dominant forms of energy storage, transfer, and dissipation are described by Newton’s laws. Fluid systems are described by Newton’s laws, but use different variables due to fluid mass. They will be addressed in Chap. 5.Mechanical energy is stored as kinetic energy and as strain energy. Gravitational potential energy is presented as a force source. Mechanical energy is dissipated due to shear of a fluid, a material in its plastic state, or between two solid surfaces. In order to work with scalar equations, motion is restricted to single axes. Translational and rotational motions are separate energy storage modes. The parameter values of the mechanical elements can be calculated from the geometry and material properties of mechanical components in many instances. Otherwise, the parameters are experimentally determined by dynamic tests. The mechanical properties of viscoelastic materials, which include natural and synthetic polymers and biological tissues, are described by the dynamic response.


Cantilever Beam Step Response Coulomb Friction Rotational Inertia Power Variable 
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Supplementary material

References and Suggested Reading

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  6. Timoshenko SP, Gere SM (1997) Mechanics of materials, 4th edn. PWS-Kent, BostonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentLafayette CollegeEastonUSA

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