Metabolic alkalosis is defined as a primary increase in serum [HCO3−] > 32 mEq/L with pH > 7.45. Hypoventilation with an increase in arterial pCO2 is an appropriate respiratory response for an increase in serum [HCO3−]. Thus, metabolic alkalosis is characterized by an elevated pH, an increase in serum [HCO3−], and an elevated pCO2. The course of metabolic alkalosis is divided into three phases: generation phase, maintenance phase, and recovery phase.
Metabolic alkalosis Metabolic alkalosis causes Metabolic alkalosis manifestations Course of metabolic alkalosis Electrolytes and pH in metabolic alkalosis
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