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Hyperchloremic Metabolic Acidosis: Nonrenal Causes

  • Alluru S. ReddiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In the previous chapter, we discussed both hypo- and hyperkalemic hyperchloremic metabolic acidoses due to renal causes. In this chapter, we will discuss hypokalemic hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis due to nonrenal causes, mostly gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Nonrenal causes of hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis are also shown. Before we discuss the pathophysiology of diarrhea, it is essential to understand water and electrolyte handling by the GI tract.

Keywords

Gastrointestinal (GI) causes of hypokalemic hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis Nonrenal causes of hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis Pathophysiology of diarrhea Electrolyte composition of diarrhea Acid–base disorders in diarrhea 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine Division of Nephrology and HypertensionRutgers New Jersey Medical SchoolNewarkUSA

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