High Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis

  • Alluru S. ReddiEmail author


In the previous chapter, we presented various causes of high anion gap (AG) metabolic acidosis. For discussion purpose, these causes can be conveniently divided into the following categories: acidosis due to kidney injury; acidosis due to accumulation of organic acids; and acidosis due to toxins. Metabolic acidosis affects almost all organ systems; however, the following are the most important clinical manifestations: cardiovascular, neurologic, and respiratory.


L-Lactic acidosis D-Lactic acidosis Diabetic ketoacidosis Alcohol ketoacidosis Starvation ketoacidosis Clinical manifestations of metabolic acidosis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine Division of Nephrology and HypertensionRutgers New Jersey Medical SchoolNewarkUSA

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