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Disorders of Potassium: Hypokalemia

  • Alluru S. ReddiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Hypokalemia is defined as a serum [K+] < 3.5 mEq/L. The important causes of hypokalemia can be divided into five major categories: (1) dietary, (2) K+ uptake by cells (transcellular), (3) renal loss, (4) gastrointestinal loss, and (5) skin loss.

Keywords

Hypokalemia Hypokalemic periodic paralysis Bartter syndrome Gitelman syndrome Liddle syndrome Renal tubular acidosis (RTA) 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine Division of Nephrology and HypertensionRutgers New Jersey Medical SchoolNewarkUSA

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