A Critically Endangered Capuchin Monkey (Sapajus xanthosternos) Living in a Highly Fragmented Hotspot

  • Gustavo Rodrigues Canale
  • Maria Cecília Martins Kierulff
  • David John Chivers
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)


Capuchin monkeys (Sapajus sp.) have cognitive skills and variation in morphological traits among different species that allow for a varied diet and flexible use of food resources. In the northern Atlantic forest, capuchins have been forced by fragmentation to live in human-altered environments; in addition, animal densities have been reduced by hunting and habitat loss, wiping out a number of large mammals that disperse zoochoric fruits. With the decrease in populations of other seed dispersers, yellow-breasted capuchins (Sapajus xanthosternos) are currently one of the largest fruit-eating mammals in the region. We provide frequency of feeding on invasive species (sensu Colautti and MacIsaac, Divers Distrib 10(2):135–141, 2004), and insights into how they might compete for seed dispersal with other species. S. xanthosternos had a high frequency of travelling and feeding on fruits. They ate fruits in primary, old- and young-secondary forest, swamp, and cabruca (shaded cocoa plantations). In addition, they fed on fruits of oil-palm (Elaeis guineensis), jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao); these cultivars compete with native species for seed dispersal by S. xanthosternos. We recommend the management of invasive fruiting species, especially in protected areas.


Home Range Invasive Species Seed Disperser Capuchin Monkey Theobroma Cacao 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gustavo Rodrigues Canale
    • 1
  • Maria Cecília Martins Kierulff
    • 2
  • David John Chivers
    • 3
  1. 1.Departmento de Ciências Naturais, Humanas e SociaisUniversidade Federal de Mato GrossoMato GrossoBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto Pri-MatasBelo HorizonteBrazil
  3. 3.Wildlife Research Group, Anatomy SchoolUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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