Community competence is about organized action of people, communities, and institutions to prevent, manage, and learn from crisis. Chapter 8 explores the influence of psychological and behavioral components of community competence in Baghdad neighborhoods. Social cohesion, working trust, and place attachment were all decisive elements in the capacity of communities to self-organize in protective ways. Four strategies were predominant: self-defense groups, advocacy for violence prevention, countering extremist attitudes, and community mediation. Non-sectarian leaders also critically supported collective adaptation.
KeywordsCommunity competence Efficacy Collective action Governance Decision-making communication management Community empowerment Collective efficacy Inward orientation Group narratives Place attachment Social agency Activated social networks Social capital Place attachment Social cohesion Social control Place detachment Self-defense groups Third side Community mediation Advocacy Leadership Leaders Socioeconomic status SES Protection narrative
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