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Community Competence

Chapter
Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS)

Abstract

Community competence is about organized action of people, communities, and institutions to prevent, manage, and learn from crisis.  Chapter 8 explores the influence of psychological and behavioral components of community competence in Baghdad neighborhoods. Social cohesion, working trust, and place attachment were all decisive elements in the capacity of communities to self-organize in protective ways. Four strategies were predominant: self-defense groups, advocacy for violence prevention, countering extremist attitudes, and community mediation. Non-sectarian leaders also critically supported collective adaptation.

Keywords

Community competence Efficacy  Collective action  Governance  Decision-making communication management  Community empowerment  Collective efficacy  Inward orientation  Group narratives  Place attachment  Social agency  Activated social networks  Social capital  Place attachment  Social cohesion  Social control  Place detachment  Self-defense groups  Third side  Community mediation  Advocacy  Leadership  Leaders  Socioeconomic status  SES  Protection narrative 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Joan B. Kroc School of Peace StudiesUniversity of San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

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