Terricolous Lichens in Himalayas: Patterns of Species Richness Along Elevation Gradient

  • Chitra Bahadur Baniya
  • Himanshu Rai
  • Dalip Kumar Upreti


Despite the great importance of terricolous lichens very few efforts have been done towards the elevational richness pattern and their ecology from the Himalayas. In present study elevational ranges of terricolous lichen richness were interpolated at every 100 m altitudinal band. They were found distributed from 100 to 6,000 m. A total of 212 terricolous lichen species under 54 genera and 24 families were found recorded in India and Nepal. These terricolous lichen species showed a highly significant unimodal elevational declining pattern with dominant peak at 2,400 m. This unimodal richness pattern was also followed by their dominant families but differed in elevation of peak richness. The zones of dominance and diversity richness of terricolous lichen species were discussed with reference to natural and anthropogenic factors specific to Himalayan habitats.


Elevational richness pattern Himalayas Indian subcontinent Soil lichen Terricolous Unimodal pattern 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chitra Bahadur Baniya
    • 1
  • Himanshu Rai
    • 2
  • Dalip Kumar Upreti
    • 2
  1. 1.Central Department of BotanyTribhuvan UniversityKirtipurNepal
  2. 2.Lichenology Laboratory, Plant Diversity, Systematics and Herbarium DivisionCSIR-National Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia

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