Pre-deployment Well-Being Among Single and Partnered National Guard Soldiers: The Role of Their Parents, Social Support, and Stressors

  • Melissa A. Polusny
  • Christopher R. Erbes
  • Emily Hagel Campbell
  • Hannah Fairman
  • Mark Kramer
  • Alexandria K. Johnson
Chapter
Part of the Risk and Resilience in Military and Veteran Families book series (RRMV)

Abstract

Families are a key source of support for National Guard Soldiers, yet little is known about the influence of parents on Soldiers’ pre-deployment well-being. In this chapter, we examine the potential role family may play in the psychological well-being of National Guard Soldiers. We present initial findings from the Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS-2) study—an ongoing, prospective investigation of 2,089 National Guard Soldiers and their families. Single versus partnered Soldiers were compared on measures of pre-deployment well-being (post-traumatic stress symptoms, depression symptoms, and alcohol misuse). Prior to deployment, partnered Soldiers had higher PTSD and depression symptoms than single Soldiers, while single Soldiers reported greater alcohol misuse than partnered Soldiers. Multiple linear regression analyses examined the role of family contextual factors in understanding Soldiers’ pre-deployment well-being. Findings demonstrated the important role families can play in Soldiers’ well-being prior to deployment, both as a source of support and strain.

Keywords

National guard/reserve component Psychological well-being Adult child-parent relationships 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by a Service Directed Research (SDR) grant from the Department of Veterans Affairs Health Services Research & Development (SDR #398). This material is the result of work supported with resources and the use of facilities at the Minneapolis VA Health Care System, Minneapolis, MN. The authors would like to acknowledge Lieutenant Colonel Barbara O’Reilly, Major Aaron Krenz, and the Minnesota Army National Guard for their ongoing support of the Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS) Project.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melissa A. Polusny
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Christopher R. Erbes
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Emily Hagel Campbell
    • 2
  • Hannah Fairman
    • 2
  • Mark Kramer
    • 2
  • Alexandria K. Johnson
    • 2
  1. 1.Minneapolis VA Health Care SystemMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes ResearchMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.University of Minnesota Medical School, MinneapolisMinneapolisUSA

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