• Lee J. Skandalakis
  • John E. Skandalakis


Successful esophageal surgery requires knowledge of the anatomy of the esophagus and mediastinum. The esophageal wall has two anatomically weak areas. Step-by-step technique for repair of pharyngoesophageal diverticulum, achalasia, and cardiospasm is detailed, along with transhiatal esophagectomy [including preparation of the gastric conduit (neoesophagus) and anastomosis].

Depending on presentation, surgical resection for carcinoma of the esophagus can be performed by Ivor Lewis, Ivor Lewis-McKeown (three-stage), or left thoracoabdominal esophagectomy. The colon may be harvested and used as an esophageal substitute in situations where the stomach is not usable.


Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Gastroesophageal Junction Thoracic Esophagus Cervical Esophagus Azygos Vein 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lee J. Skandalakis
    • 1
  • John E. Skandalakis
    • 1
  1. 1.Centers for Surgical Anatomy and TechniqueEmory University School of Medicine Piedmont HospitalAtlantaUSA

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