Cancer: Cross-Roads of Ethnicity and Environment

Chapter

Abstract

This chapter provides a description of cancer in the Arab American community. It first presents estimates of the cancer incidence and mortality in the Arab world and identifies the top five cancers in Arab men as lung, bladder, prostate, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and liver and in Arab women as breast, colorectal, cervix, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and ovary. In contrast, the top five cancers in US men and women are, respectively, prostate, lung, colorectal, bladder and skin melanoma, and breast, lung, colorectal, uterus, and thyroid. Cancer incidence in Arab Americans has been estimated because unlike Hispanics and Asians, Arab ethnicity is not specifically identified in the US Census and other data sources, nor is nativity status routinely available. Based on these estimates, the incidence of liver and stomach cancers in Arab Americans are higher and lung cancer is lower than that of Non-Hispanic Whites in the United States. However, without knowledge of nativity status, the US estimates cannot determine what differences are due to migration to a new environment and which are genetic. Finally, the available information on cancer control and prevention among Arab Americans is summarized. In general, smoking patterns are unclear, obesity seems to be prevalent, especially among women, and cancer screening services are not fully utilized. Additional study is critically needed to improve our understanding of the cancer burden among Arab Americans.

Keywords

Cancer immigration prevention 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kendra Schwartz
    • 1
  • Kiumarss Nasseri
    • 2
  • Emad Shehada
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Family Medicine and Public Health SciencesDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public HealthMedical Sciences University of TehranSanta BarbaraUSA
  3. 3.Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care MedicineDepartment of Internal MedicineDetroitUSA

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