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Lab on a Wire: Application of Silicon Nanowires for Nanoscience and Biotechnology

  • Larysa Baraban
  • Felix Zörgiebel
  • Claudia Pahlke
  • Eunhye Baek
  • Lotta Römhildt
  • Gianaurelio Cuniberti
Chapter

Abstract

Synergy between biochemistry, medicine, and material science during last decade has led to a tremendous scientific progress in the fields of biodetection and nanomedicine. This tight interaction led to the emergence of a new class of bioinspired systems. These systems are based upon utilizing nanomaterials such as nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, or nanowires as transducers for producing novel sensor devices, or sophisticated drug delivery agents. This chapter focuses on the developments made in the area of silicon nanowire-based devices and their applications in the diverse areas of nano- and biotechnologies. Firstly, the incorporation of silicon nanowires into the electrical circuits is discussed, together with the sensing mechanism of the devices. In particular, the discussion is directed toward the most important aspects of the fabrication and functioning of the sensors, as well as the issues regarding the organic molecules interfacing with the silicon surface. Moreover, the complex interactions of organic species with nanoscale matter are addressed to as well as the need for sophisticated integration and packaging of the subsystems on a single chip. Finally, the perspectives of the potential applications of the silicon nanowires for biodetection and drug delivery are presented. Thus, the concept of “lab on a wire” is introduced as a set of approaches to engineer the nanowires and to enrich their functionality and potential applications in nanoscience and biotechnology.

Keywords

High Occupied Molecular Orbital Lower Unoccupied Molecular Orbital Gate Voltage Peptide Nucleic Acid Sensor Device 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviation

SiNW

Silicon nanowires

FET

Field-effect transistors

VLS

Vapor–liquid–solid

SB

Schottky barrier

VL

Vacuum level

HOMO

Highest occupied molecular orbital

LUMO

Lowest unoccupied molecular orbital

XPS

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

ATR-IR

Attenuated total reflectance-Infrared

SAM

Self-assembled monolayer

SEB

Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B

ssDNA

Single-stranded DNA

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acids

PNA

Peptide nucleic acids

SELEX

Systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment

VEGF

Vascular endothelial growth factor

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Larysa Baraban
    • 1
  • Felix Zörgiebel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Claudia Pahlke
    • 1
  • Eunhye Baek
    • 1
  • Lotta Römhildt
    • 1
  • Gianaurelio Cuniberti
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Materials Science and Max Bergmann Center of BiomaterialsTechnische Universität DresdenDresdenGermany
  2. 2.Center for Advancing Electronics DresdenTechnische Universität DresdenDresdenGermany

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