National Intellectual Capital Development of the Five Emerging European Countries

  • Carol Yeh-Yun LinEmail author
  • Leif Edvinsson
  • Jeffrey Chen
  • Tord Beding
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Economics book series (BRIEFSECONOMICS, volume 15)


In this chapter, we first present the development of national intellectual capital in these five emerging European countries over six years, and then graphically display the relationship between each individual capital with GDP per capita (ppp). Afterwards, we describe the relative position of long-term and short-term intellectual capital and explain the dynamics of national intellectual capital for three time periods (2005–2006, 2007–2008, and 2009–2010). Finally, we illustrate the NIC trajectory of these five countries on three-dimensional (3D) 48-country landscapes.


Human Capital Czech Republic Market Capital Financial Crisis Financial Capital 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol Yeh-Yun Lin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Leif Edvinsson
    • 2
  • Jeffrey Chen
    • 3
  • Tord Beding
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Business AdministrationNational Chengchi UniversityTaipeiTaiwan (Republic of China)
  2. 2.Universal Networking Intellectual CapitaNorrtaljeSweden
  3. 3.AccentureChicagoUnited States of America
  4. 4.TC-Growth ABKarlstadSweden

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