• Ilana Arnon
  • Jim Cottrill
  • Ed Dubinsky
  • Asuman Oktaç
  • Solange Roa Fuentes
  • María Trigueros
  • Kirk Weller


The acronym APOS stands for Action, Process, Object, and Schema. APOS Theory is a theory of how mathematical concepts can be learned. Rooted in the work of Jean Piaget, its fundamental ideas were first introduced in the early 1980s (Dubinsky 1984), and since that time, extensive development and application have been carried out by researchers, curriculum developers, and teachers in many countries throughout the world.


Mathematical Concept Curriculum Development Mathematics Education Research Middle School Teacher Curriculum Developer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilana Arnon
    • 1
  • Jim Cottrill
    • 2
  • Ed Dubinsky
    • 3
  • Asuman Oktaç
    • 4
  • Solange Roa Fuentes
    • 5
  • María Trigueros
    • 6
  • Kirk Weller
    • 7
  1. 1.College of EducationGivat Washington AcademicTel AvivIsrael
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsOhio Dominican UniversityColumbusUSA
  3. 3.School of EducationUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA
  4. 4.Departamento de Matemática EducativaCinvestav-IPNMexico CityMexico
  5. 5.Escuela de MatemáticasUniversidad Industrial de SantanderBucaramangaColombia
  6. 6.Departamento de MatemáticasInstituto Tecnológico Autónomo de MéxicoSan AngelMexico
  7. 7.Department of MathematicsFerris State UniversityBig RapidsUSA

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