Insect Resistance

Chapter
Part of the Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models book series (PGG, volume 5)

Abstract

The cultivated rice Oryza sativa was domesticated about 10,000 years ago along the river valleys of South and Southeast China and Asia [14]. Earliest recordings of rice are found in Chinese writings of about 3000 bc. In ancient China, rice was described as the most important food plant in the country. In the Book of Odes, which comprises 305 poems and songs ranged from the tenth to the seventh centuries bc, there is a record seeming to describe grasshoppers and stem borer damaging rice. In that time, insect pests were removed manually by hand or by using simple tools or through cultural practices. Tobacco was also used for control of insect pests [127].

Keywords

Migration Carbonyl Bacillus Photosynthesis Trypsin 

References

  1. 1.
    Alam SN, Cohen MB (1998) Detection and analysis of QTLs for resistance to the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens, in a doubled-haploid rice population. Theor Appl Genet 97:1370–1379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Angeles ER, Khush GS (1999) A new gene for resistance to green leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens (distant) in rice. Rice Genet Newsl 16:93–94Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Angeles ER, Khush GS (2000) Genetic analysis of resistance to green leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens (distant), in three varieties. Plant Breed 119:446–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Angeles ER, Khush GS (2000) Genetics of resistance to green leafhopper in five cultivars of rice Oryza sativa L. SABRAO J Breed Genet 32:1–4Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Athwal DS, Pathak MD, Bacalangco E, Pura CD (1971) Genetics of resistance to brown planthoppers and green leaf hoppers in Oryza sativa L. Crop Sci 11:747–750CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Biradar SK, Sundaram RM, Thirumurugan T, Bentur JS, Amudhan S, Shenoy VV, Mishra B, Bennett J, Sarma NP (2004) Identification of flanking SSR markers for a major rice gall midge resistance gene Gm1 and their validation. Theor Appl Genet 109: 1468–1473PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Brar DS, Khush GS (2006) Cytogenetic manipulation and germplasm enhancement of rice (Oryza sativa L.). In: Singh RJ, Jauhar PP (eds) Genetic resources, chromosome engineering and crop improvement. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, pp 115–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Brar DS, Virk PS, Jena KK, Khush GS (2009) Breeding for resistance to planthoppers in rice. In: Heong KL, Hrady B (eds) Planthoppers: new threats to the sustainability of intensive rice production. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines, pp 401–427Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cha YS, Ji H, Yun DW, Ahn BO, Lee MC, Suh SC, Lee CS, Ahn EK, Jeon YH, Jin ID, Sohn JK, Koh HJ, Eun MY (2008) Fine mapping of the rice Bph1 gene, which confers resistance to the brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens stal), and development of STS markers for marker-assisted selection. Mol Cells 26:146–151PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chaudhary RC, Khush GS, Heinrichs EA (1984) Varietal resistance to rice stem-borers in Asia. Insect Sci Appl 5:447–463Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chen J, Huang DR, Wang L, Liu GJ, Zhuang JY (2010) Identification of quantitative trait loci for resistance to whitebacked planthopper, Sogatella furcifera, from an interspecific cross Oryza sativa × O. rufipogon. Breed Sci 60:153–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chen JW, Wang L, Pang XF, Pan QH (2006) Genetic analysis and fine mapping of a rice brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål) resistance gene bph19(t). Mol Genet Genomics 275:321–329PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cramer HH (1967) Plant protection and world crop production. Pflanzenschutz Nachrichten Bayer Levenkusen 20:1–524Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    De Datta SK (1981) Principles and practices of rice production. Wiley, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Deen R, Ramesh K, Gautam SK, Rao YK, Lakshmi VJ, Viraktamath BC, Brar DS, Ram T (2010) Identification of new gene for BPH resistance introgressed from O. rufipogon. Rice Genet Newsl 25: 70–71Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Djamin A, Pathak MD (1967) Role of silica in resistance to Asiatic rice borer, Chilo suppressalis (walker), in rice varieties. J Econ Entomol 60:347–351Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Du B, Zhang WL, Liu B, Hu J, Wei Z, Shi ZY, He RF, Zhu LL, Chen RZ, Han B, He GC (2009) Identification and characterization of Bph14, a gene conferring resistance to brown planthopper in rice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106:22163–22168PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Duan CX, Cheng ZJ, Lei CL, Zhai HQ, Wan J (2009) Analysis of QTLs for resistance to small brown planthopper (Laodelphax striatellus fallén) in rice (Oryza sativa l.) using an f2 population from a cross between Mudgo and Wuyujing 3. Acta Agron Sin 35(3):388–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Duan CX, Su N, Cheng ZJ, Lei CL, Wang JL, Zhai HQ, Wan J (2010) QTL analysis for the resistance to small brown planthopper (Laodelphax striatellus Fallen) in rice using backcross inbred lines. Plant Breed 129:63–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Duan CX, Zhang SX, Lei CL, Cheng ZJ, Chen Q, Zhai HQ, Wan JM (2008) Evaluation of rice germplasm for resistance to the small brown planthopper (Laodelphax striatellus) and analysis of resistance mechanism. Rice Sci 15(1):36–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dubey M, Chandel G (2010) In silico survey and characterization of resistance gene analogues (RGAs) in the genomic regions encompassing gall midge resistance genes Gm4 and Gm5 in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Omics J 3:140–148Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Fujita D, Doi K, Yoshimura A, Yasui H (2004) Introgression of a resistance gene for green rice leafhopper from Oryza nivara into cultivated rice Oryza sativa L. Rice Genet Newsl 21:64–66Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fujita D, Doi K, Yoshimura A, Yasui H (2006) Molecular mapping of a novel gene, Grh5, conferring resistance to green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler) in rice Oryza sativa L. Theor Appl Genet 113:567–573PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Fujita D, Doi K, Yoshimura A, Yasui H (2010) A major QTL for resistance to green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler) derived from African rice (Oryza glaberrima Steud.). Breed Sci 60: 336–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Fukuta Y, Tamura K, Hirae M, Oya S (1998) Genetic analysis of resistance to green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix cincticeps UHLER) in rice parental line, Norin-PL6, using RFLP markers. Breed Sci 48:243–249Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Geethanjali S, Kadirvel P, Gunathilagaraj K, Maheswaran M (2009) Detection of quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with resistance to whitebacked planthopper (Sogatella furcifera) in rice (Oryza sativa). Plant Breed 128:130–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ghani MU, Khush GS (1988) A new gene for resistance to green leafhopper Nephotettix virescens (distant) in rice. J Genet 67:151–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ghauri MSK (1971) Revision of the genus Nephotettix Matsumura (Homoptera: Cicadelloidea: Euscelidae) based on the type material. Bull Entomol Res 60:481–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Grist DH, Lever RJ (1969) Pests of rice. Longmans, Green and Co, London, p 520Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hao PY, Liu CX, Wang YY, Chen RZ, Tang M, Du B, Zhu LL, He GC (2008) Herbivore-induced callose deposition on the sieve plates of rice: an important mechanism for host resistance. Plant Physiol 146:1810–1820PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Heinrichs EA (1986) Perspectives and directions for the continued development of insect resistant rice varieties. Agric Ecosyst Environ 18:9–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Heinrichs EA, Medrano EG, Rapusas HR (1985) Genetic evaluation for insect resistance in rice. IRRI, Manila, pp 72–177Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Himabindu K, Sundaram RM, Neeraja CN, Mishra B, Bentur JS (2007) Flanking SSR markers for allelism test for the Asian rice gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) resistance genes. Euphytica 157:267–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Himabindu K, Suneetha K, Sama VSAK, Bentur JS (2010) A new rice gall midge resistance gene in the breeding line CR57-MR1523, mapping with flanking markers and development of NILs. Euphytica 174:179–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Hirabayashi H, Angeles ER, Kaji R, Ogawa T, Brar DS, Khush GS (1998) Identification of the brown planthopper resistance gene derived from O. officinalis using molecular markers in rice (abstract in Japanese). Breed Sci 48(suppl 1):82Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Hirabayashi H, Ogawa T (1995) RFLP mapping of Bph-1 (brown planthopper resistance gene in rice). Breed Sci 45:369–371Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Hou LY, Yu P, Xu Q, Yuan XP, Yu HY, Wang YP, Wang CH, Wan G, Tang SX, Peng ST, Wei XH (2011) Genetic analysis and preliminary mapping of two recessive resistance genes to brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stal in rice. Rice Sci 18(3): 238–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Howe GA, Jander G (2008) Plant immunity to insect herbivores. Annu Rev Plant Biol 59:41–66PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Hu J, Li X, Wu C, Yang C, Hua H, Gao G (2012) Pyramiding and evaluation of the brown planthopper resistance genes Bph14 and Bph15 in hybrid rice. Mol Breed 29:61–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Hu J, Zhou J, Peng X, Xu H, Liu C, Du B, Yuan H, Zhu L, He G (2011) The Bphi008a gene interacts with the ethylene pathway and transcriptionally regulates MAPK genes in the response of rice to brown planthopper feeding. Plant Physiol 156:856–872PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Hua H, Lu Q, Xu C, Zhou D, Li X, Zhang Q (2007) Analysis of rice genes induced by striped stemborer (Chilo suppressalis) attack identified a promoter fragment highly specifically responsive to insect feeding. Plant Mol Biol 65:519–530PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Huang CF, Zhang GQ (2003) Development of position-specific microsatellite markers and molecular mapping of insect resistant genes in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Mol Plant Breed 1(4):572–574Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Huang YL, Shu LH, Zhu LL, Liao LJ, He GC (2000) Characterization of the intersectional hybrid between Oryza sativa and O. meyeriana indigenous to China. J Wuhan Univ (Nat Sci Ed) 46:739–744Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Huang Z, He GC, Shu LH, Li XH, Zhang Q (2001) Identification and mapping of two brown planthopper resistance genes in rice. Theor Appl Genet 102:923–934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Ikeda R, Vaughan DA (1991) The distribution of resistance genes to the brown planthopper in rice germplasm. Rice Genet Newsl 8:122–123Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    International Rice Research Institute (1978) Annual report for 1977. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, PhilippinesGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Ishii T, Brar DS, Multani DS, Khush GS (1994) Molecular tagging of genes for brown planthopper resistance and earliness introgressed from Oryza australiensis into cultivated rice, O. sativa. Genome 37:217–221PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Jain A, Ariyadasa R, Kumar A, Srivastava MN, Mohan M, Nair S (2004) Tagging and mapping of a rice gall midge resistance gene, Gm8, and development of SCARs for use in marker-aided selection and gene pyramiding. Theor Appl Genet 109: 1377–1384PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Jairin J, Phengrat K, Teangdeerith S, Vanavichit A, Toojinda T (2007) Mapping of a broad-spectrum brown planthopper resistance gene, Bph3, on rice chromosome 6. Mol Breed 19:35–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Jairin J, Sansen K, Wonboon W, Kothcharerk J (2010) Detection of a brown planthopper resistance gene bph4 at the same chromosomal position of Bph3 using two different genetic backgrounds of rice. Breed Sci 60:71–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Jena KK, Jeung JU, Lee JH, Choi HC, Brar DS (2006) High-resolution mapping of a new brown planthopper (BPH) resistance gene, Bph18(t), and marker-assisted selection for BPH resistance in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theor Appl Genet 112:288–297PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Jena KK, Kim SM (2010) Current status of brown planthopper (BPH) resistance and genetics. Rice 3:161–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Kabir MA, Khush GS (1988) Genetic analysis of resistance to brown planthopper resistance gene in rice. Euphytica 1988(107):23–28Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Kadowaki M, Yoshimura A, Yasui H (2003) RFLP mapping of antibiosis to rice green leafhopper. In: Khush GS, Brar DS, Hardy B (eds) Advances in rice genetics. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines, pp 270–272Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Kandoth PK, Ranf S, Pancholi SS, Jayanty S, Walla MD, Miller W, Howe GA, Lincoln DE, Stratmann JW (2007) Tomato MAPKs LeMPK1, LeMPK2, and LeMPK3 function in the systemin-mediated defense response against herbivorous insects. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 104:12205–12210PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Kaneda C (1982) Breeding approaches for resistance to BPH in Japan. In: Paper presented at the International Rice Research conference, 12 Apr. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, PhilippinesGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Kartohardjono A, Heinrichs EA (1984) Populations of the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stal) (Homoptera: Delphacidae) and its predators on rice varieties with different levels of resistance. Environ Entomol 13:359–365Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Katiyar SK, Tan Y, Huang B, Chandel G, Xu Y, Zhang Y, Xie Z, Bennett J (2001) Molecular mapping of gene Gm6(t) which confers resistance against four biotypes of Asian rice gall midge in China. Theor Appl Genet 103:953–961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Kawaguchi M, Murata K, Ishii T, Takumi S, Mori N, Nakamura C (2001) Assignment of a brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål) resistance gene bph4 to the rice chromosome 6. Breed Sci 51:13–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Khush GS (1984) Breeding for resistance to insects. Prot Ecol 7:147–165Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Khush GS, Virk PS (2005) IR varieties and their impact. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines, p 163Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Kumar A, Jain A, Shrivastava MN (2005) Genetic analysis of resistance genes for the rice gall midge in two rice genotypes. Crop Sci 45(4):1631–1634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Kumar A, Shrivastava MN, Sahu RK (1998) Genetic analysis of ARC5984 for gall midge resistance—a reconsideration. Rice Genet Newsl 15:142–143Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Li J, Chen Q, Wang L, Liu J, Shang K, Hua H (2011) Biological effects of rice harbouring Bph14 and Bph15 on brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. Pest Manag Sci 67:528–534PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Li J, Xia M, Qi H, He G, Wan B, Zha Z (2006) Marker-assisted selection for brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål) resistance genes Bph14 and Bph15 in rice. Sci Agric Sin 39:2132–2137Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Li R, Afsheen S, Xin Z, Han X, Lou Y (2012) OsNPR1 negatively regulates herbivore-induced JA and ethylene signaling and plant resistance to a chewing herbivore in rice. Physiol Plant 147(3): 340–351.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Li RB, Li LS, Wei SM, Wei YP, Chen YZ, Bai DL, Yang L, Huang FK, Lu WL, Zhang XJ, Li XY, Yang XQ, Wei YW (2006) The evaluation and utilization of new genes for brown planthopper resistance in common wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff.). Mol Plant Breed 4:365–371Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Li X, Schuler MA, Berenbaum MR (2002) Jasmonate and salicylate induce expression of herbivore cytochrome P450 genes. Nature 419:712–715PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Li X, Zhai H, Wan J, Ma L, Zhuang J, Liu G, Yang C (2004) Mapping of a new gene Wbph6(t) resistant to the whitebacked planthopper, Sogatella furcifera, in rice. Rice Sci 11:86–90Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Litsinger JA (2009) When is a rice insect a pest: yield loss and the green revolution. In: Peshin R, Dhawan AK (eds) Integrated pest management: innovation-development process. Springer Science & Business Media, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp 391–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Litsinger JA, Canapi BL, Bandong JP, Lumaban MD, Raymundo FD, Barrion AT (2009) Insect pests of rainfed wetland rice in the Philippines: population densities, yield loss, and insecticide management. Int J Pest Manag 55:221–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Litsinger JA, Libetario EM, Barrion AT, Apostol PR (2009) Comparison of insect pest complexes in different Philippine dryland rice environments: population densities, yield loss, and management. Int J Pest Manag 55:129–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Liu C, Hao F, Hu J, Zhang W, Wan L, Zhu L, Tang H, He G (2010) Revealing different systems responses to brown planthopper infestation for pest susceptible and resistant rice plants with the combined metabonomic and gene-expression analysis. J Proteome Res 9:6774–6785PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Liu GQ, Yan HH, Fu Q, Qian Q, Zhang ZT, Zhai WX, Zhu LH (2001) Mapping of a new gene for brown planthopper resistance in cultivated rice introgressed from Oryza eichingeri. Chin Sci Bull 46:1459–1462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Liu Z, Liu G, Sogawa K, Zhuang J, Chen S, Zheng K (2002) On mapping the gene Wbph2 in RC10239 resistant to the whitebacked planthopper Sogatella furcifera in rice. Chin J Rice Sci 16:311–314Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Lu YJ, Wang X, Lou YG, Cheng JA (2006) Role of ethylene signaling in the production of rice volatiles induced by the rice brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens. Chin Sci Bull 51:2457–2465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Mohan M, Nair S, Bentur JS, Rao UP, Bennett J (1994) RFLP and RAPD mapping of the rice Gm2 gene that confers resistance to biotype 1 of gall midge (Orseolia oryzae). Theor Appl Genet 87:782–788CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Mohan M, Sathyanarayanan PV, Kumar A, Srivastava MN, Nair S (1997) Molecular mapping of a resistance-specific PCR-based marker linked to a gall midge resistance gene (Gm4t) in rice. Theor Appl Genet 95:777–782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Munakata K, Saito S, Ogawa T, Ishii S (1959) Oryzanone, an attractant to the rice stem borer. Bull Agric Chem Soc Jpn 23:64–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Murai H, Hashimoto Z, Sharma PN, Shimizu T, Murata K, Takumi S, Mori N, Kawasaki S, Nakamura C (2001) Construction of a high-resolution linkage map of a rice brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål) resistance gene bph2. Theor Appl Genet 103:526–532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Murata K, Fujiwara M, Murai H, Takumi S, Mori N, Nakamura C (2001) Mapping of a brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stafl) resistance gene Bph9 on the long arm of rice chromosome 12. Cereal Res Commun 29:245–250Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Myint KKM, Fujita D, Matsumura M, Sonoda T, Yoshimura A, Yasui H (2011) Mapping and pyramiding of two major genes for resistance to the brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål) in the rice cultivar ADR52. Theor Appl Genet 124:495–504PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Myint KKM, Sonoda T, Matsumura M, Yoshimura A, Yasui H (2005) Genetic basis of antibiosis to brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stål, in rice. In: Abstracts of fifth international rice genetics symposium. International Rice Research Institute, Manila, p 103Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Nagadhara D, Ramesh S, Pasalu IC, Rao YK, Sarma NP, Reddy VD, Rao KV (2004) Transgenic rice plants expressing the snowdrop lectin gene (GNA) exhibit high level resistance to the whitebacked planthopper (Sogatella furcifera). Theor Appl Genet 109:1399–1405PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Nair S, Bentur JS, Prasad Rao U, Mohan M (1995) DNA markers tightly linked to a gall midge resistance gene (Gm2) are potentially useful for marker-aided selection in rice breeding. Theor Appl Genet 91:68–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Nanda A, Mohanty SK, Panda RS, Behera L, Prakash A, Sahu SC (2010) Flanking microsatellite markers for breeding varieties against Asian rice gall midge. Trop Plant Biol 3:219–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Nemoto H, Ikeda R, Kaneda C (1989) New gene for resistance to brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stal, in rice. Jpn J Breed 39:23–28Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Normile D (2008) Reinventing rice to feed the world. Science 321:330–333PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Padgham DE (1983) The influence of the host plant on the development of the adult brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stal) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae), and its significance on migration. Bull Entomol Res 73:117–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Painter RH (1951) Insect resistance in crop plants. Annu Rev Entomol 3:267–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Panda N, Heinrichs EA (1983) Levels of tolerance and antibiosis in rice varieties having moderate resistance to the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). Environ Entomol 12:1204–1214Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Pasalu IC, Rajamani S (1996) Strategies in utilizing host plant resistance in gall midge management. In: Workshop report on gall midge management. International Rice research Institute, Vientiane (Laos), pp 79–95Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Qiu YF, Guo JP, Jing SL, Zhu LL, He GC (2010) High-resolution mapping of the brown planthopper resistance gene Bph6 in rice and characterizing its resistance in the 9311 and Nipponbare near isogenic backgrounds. Theor Appl Genet 121:1601–1611PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Qiu YF, Guo JP, Jing SL, Zhu LL, He GC (2011) Development and characterization of japonica rice lines carrying the brown planthopper-resistance genes BPH12 and BPH6. Theor Appl Genet 124:485–494PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Rahman ML, Jiang W, Chu SH, Qiao Y, Ham TH, Woo MK (2009) High-resolution mapping of two brown planthopper resistance genes, Bph20(t) and Bph21(t), originating from Oryza minuta. Theor Appl Genet 119:1237–1246PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Ram T, Deen R, Gautam SK, Ramesh K, Rao YK, Brar DS (2010) Identification of new genes for brown planthopper resistance in rice introgressed from O. glaberrima and O. minuta. Rice Genet Newsl 25:67–69Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Rao KV, Rathore KS, Hodges TK, Fu X, Stoger E, Sudhakar D, Williams S, Christou P, Bharathi M, Bown DP, Powell K, Spence J, Gatehouse AR, Gatehouse J (1998) Expression of snowdrop lectin (GNA) in transgenic rice plants confers resistance to rice brown planthopper. Plant J 15:469–477PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Rao PRM, Prakasa Rao PS (1989) Gall midge (GM) outbreak on dry season rice in West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh (AP), India. Int Rice Res Newsl 14(5):28Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Rao YC, Dong GJ, Zeng DL, Hua J, Zeng LJ, Gao ZY, Zhang GH, Guo LB, Qian Q (2010) Genetic analysis of leaffolder resistance in rice. J Genet Genomics 37:325–331PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Renganayaki K, Fritz AK, Sadasivam S, Pammi S, Harrington SE, McCouch SR, Kumar SM, Reddy AS (2002) Mapping and progress toward map-based cloning of brown planthopper biotype-4 resistance gene introgressed from Oryza officinalis into cultivated Rice, O. sativa. Crop Sci 42:2112–2117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Rezaul Karim ANM, Pathak MD (1982) New genes for resistance to green leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens (Distant) in rice Oryza sativa L. Crop Prot 1:483–490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Russell GE (1978) Plant breeding for pest and disease resistance. Butterworth and Co., London, p 485Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Sahu VN, Mishra R, Chaudhary BP, Shrivastava PS, Shrivastava MN (1990) Inheritance of resistance to gall midge in rice. Rice Genet Newsl 7:118–121Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    Saka N, Toyama T, Tsuji T, Nakamae H, Izawa T (1997) Fine mapping of green ricehopper resistant gene Grh-3(t) and screening of Grh-3(t) among green ricehopper resistant and green leafhopper resistant cultivars in rice. Breed Sci 47(suppl 1):55Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Saka N, Tsuji T, Toyama T, Yano M, Izawa T, Sasaki T (2006) Development of cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) markers linked to a green rice leafhopper resistance gene, Grh3(t). Plant Breed 125:140–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Sardesai N, Kumar A, Rajyashri KR, Nair S, Mohan M (2002) Identification and mapping of an AFLP marker linked to Gm7, a gall midge resistance gene and its conversion to a scar marker for its utility in marker aided selection in rice. Theor Appl Genet 105:691–698PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Saxena RC (1986) Biochemical bases of insect resistance in rice varieties. In: Green B, Hedin PA (eds) Natural resistance of plants to pests: roles of allelochemicals. ACS symposium series 296, pp 142–159Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    Schmelz EA, Carroll MJ, LeClere S, Phipps SM, Meredith J, Chourey PS, Alborn HT, Teal PEA (2006) Fragments of ATP synthase mediate plant perception of insect attack. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103:8894–8899PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Sebastian LS, Ikeda R, Huang N, Imbe T, Coffman WR, Yano M, Sasaki T, McCouch SR (1996) Genetic mapping of resistance to rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV) and green leafhopper (GLH) in ARC11554. International Rice Research Institute. Rice genetics III. In: Proceedings of the third international rice genetics symposium, 16–20 Oct 1995. IRRI, Manila, Philippines, pp 560–564Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Shi ZY, Ren X, Weng QM, Li XH, He GC (2003) Construction of genomic library of a BPH-resistant rice line with binary vector and physical map of Qbp1 locus. Plant Sci 1165:879–885CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Shigematsu V, Murofushi N, Ito K, Kaneda L, Kawabe S, Takahoshi N (1982) Sterols and asparagine in the rice plant, endogenous factors related to resistance against the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens. Agric Biol Chem 46:277–2896Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Sidhu GS, Khush GS, Medrano FG (1979) A dominant gene in rice for resistance to white-backed planthopper and its relationship to other plant characteristics. Euphytica 28:227–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Siwi BH, Khush GS (1977) New genes for resistance to green leafhopper in rice. Crop Sci 17:17–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Smith RF, Calvert DJ (1978) Insect pest losses and the dimensions of the world food problem. In: Pimentel D (ed) World food, pest losses, and the environment. AAAS selected symposium 13. West View Press, Boulder, CO, pp 17–38Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Sogawa K, Pathak MD (1970) Mechanisms of brown planthopper resistance in Mudgo variety of rice (Hemiptera:Delphacidae). Appl Entomol Zool 5:145–158Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Su CC, Zhai HQ, Wang CM, Sun LH, Wan JM (2006) SSR mapping of brown planthopper resistance gene Bph9 in Kaharamana, an indica rice (Oryza sativa L.). Acta Genet Sin 33:262–268PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Sun L, Su C, Wang C, Zai H, Wan J (2005) Mapping of a major resistance gene to brown planthopper in the rice cultivar Rathu Heenati. Breed Sci 55:391–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Sun LH, Wang CM, Su CC, Liu YQ, Zhai HQ, Wan J (2006) Mapping and marker-assisted selection of a brown planthopper resistance gene bph2 in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Acta Genet Sin 33:717–723PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Sun X, Wu A, Tang K (2002) Transgenic rice lines with enhanced resistance to the small brown planthopper. Crop Prot 21:511–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Sun Y, Zhang YJ, Cao GC, Gu SH, Wu KM, Gao XW, Guo YY (2010) Rice gene expression profiles responding to larval feeding of the striped stem borer at the 1st to 2nd instar stage: gene expression profiles responding to SSB larvae feeding. Insect Sci 18:273–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Sundaram RM, Bentur JS, Sarma NP (2003) Molecular tagging and mapping of rice gall midge resistance gene Gm1 and validation of markers for gall midge resistance gene Gm2. In: Fourth Gall midge mini-network meeting, 1–4 Dec 2003. Directorate of Rice Research, HyderabadGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Tamura K, Fukuta Y, Hirae M, Oya S, Ashikawa I, Yagi T (1999) Mapping of the Grh1 locus for green rice leafhopper resistance in rice using RFLP markers. Breed Sci 49:11–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Tamura K, Fukuta Y, Hirae M, Oya S, Ashikawa I, Yagi T (2004) RFLP mapping of a new resistance gene for green rice leafhopper in Kanto PL10. Rice Genet Newsl 21:62–64Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Tan GX, Weng QM, Ren X, Huang Z, Zhu LL, He G (2004) Two whitebacked planthopper resistance genes in rice share the same loci with those for brown planthopper resistance. Heredity 92:212–217PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Van TK, Guan GK (1959) The resistance of Oryza ridleyi Hook to paddy stem borer (Chilo suppressalis walk.) attack. Malays Agric J 42:207–210Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    Wang BN, Huang Z, Shu LH, Ren X, Li X, He GC (2001) Mapping of two new brown planthopper resistance genes from wild rice. Chin Sci Bull 46: 1092–1095CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Wang HF, Li WW (2005) Disease and insect pests of rice crop in ancient China. Agric Archaeol 2005: 243–256Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Wang R, Shen W, Liu L, Jiang L, Liu Y, Su N (2008) A novel lipoxygenase gene from developing rice seeds confers dual position specificity and responds to wounding and insect attack. Plant Mol Biol 66:401–414PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Wang XL, He RF, He GC (2005) Construction of suppression subtractive hybridization libraries and identification of brown planthopper induced genes. J Plant Physiol 162:1254–1262PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Wang YY, Wang XL, Yuan HY, Chen RZ, Zhu LL, He RF, He GC (2008) Responses of two contrasting genotypes of rice to brown planthopper. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 21:122–132PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Wei Z, Hu W, Lin QS, Cheng XY, Tong MJ, Zhu LL, Chen RZ, He GC (2009) Understanding rice plant resistance to the brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens): a proteomic approach. Proteomics 9:2798–2808PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Weng QM, Huang Z, Wang XL, Zhu LL, He GC (2003) In situ localization of proteinase inhibitor mRNA in rice plant challenged with brown planthopper. Chin Sci Bull 48:979–982Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Woodhead S, Padjham DE (1988) The effect of plant surface characteristics on resistance of rice to the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. Entomol Exp Appl 47:15–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Yamasaki M, Tsunematsu H, Yoshimura A, Iwata N, Yasui H (1999) Quantitative trait locus mapping of ovicidal response in rice (Oryza sativa L.) against whitebacked planthopper (Sogatella furcifera Horváth). Crop Sci 39:1178–1183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Yamasaki M, Yoshimura A, Yasui H (2003) Genetic basis of ovicidal response to whitebacked planthopper (Sogatella furcifera Horvath) in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Mol Breed 12:133–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Yang HY, Ren X, Weng QM, Zhu LL, He GC (2002) Molecular mapping and genetic analysis of a rice brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stal) resistance gene. Hereditas 136:39–43PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Yang HY, You AQ, Yang ZF, Zhang FT, He RF, Zhu LL, He GC (2004) High-resolution genetic mapping at the Bph15 locus for brown planthopper resistance in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theor Appl Genet 110: 182–191PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Yara A, Phi CN, Matsumura M, Yoshimura A, Yasui H (2010) Development of near-isogenic lines for BPH25(t) and BPH26(t), which confer resistance to the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stal.) in indica rice ‘ADR52’. Breed Sci 60:639–647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Yasui H, Yoshimura A (1999) QTL mapping of antibiosis to green leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens Distant and green rice leafhopper, Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler in rice, Oryza sativa L. Rice Genet Newsl 16:96–98Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Yazawa S, Yasui H, Yoshimura A, Iwata N (1998) RFLP mapping of genes for resistance to green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler) in rice cultivar DV85 using near isogenic lines. Sci Bull Fac Agric Kyushu Univ 52:169–175Google Scholar
  141. 141.
    Yuan HY, Chen XP, Zhu LL, He GC (2005) Identification of genes responsive to brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens Stal (Homoptera: Delphacidae) feeding in rice. Planta 221:105–112PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Zhang FT, Zhu LL, He GC (2004) Differential gene expression in response to brown planthopper feeding in rice. J Plant Physiol 161:53–62PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Zhang Q (2007) Strategies for developing Green Super Rice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 104: 16402–16409PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Zhou G, Qi J, Ren N, Cheng J, Erb M, Mao B (2009) Silencing OsHI-LOX makes rice more susceptible to chewing herbivores, but enhances resistance to a phloem feeder. Plant J 60:638–648PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Zhou G, Wang X, Yan F, Wang X, Li R, Cheng J, Lou Y (2011) Genome-wide transcriptional changes and defence-related chemical profiling of rice in response to infestation by the rice striped stem borer Chilo suppressalis. Physiol Plant 143:21–40PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Life SciencesWuhan UniversityWuchang, WuhanChina

Personalised recommendations