Numerical Simulation of the Dynamics of Molecular Markers Involved in Cell Polarization
In this work, we investigate the dynamics of a non-local model describing spontaneous cell polarization. It consists in a drift-diffusion equation set in the half-space, with the coupling involving the trace value on the boundary. We characterize the following behaviors in the one-dimensional case: solutions are global if the mass is below the critical mass and they blow up in finite time above the critical mass. The higher-dimensional case is also discussed. The results are reminiscent of the classical Keller–Segel system in double the dimension. In addition, in the one-dimensional case we prove quantitative convergence results using relative entropy techniques. This work is complemented with a more realistic model that takes into account dynamical exchange of molecular content at the boundary. In the one-dimensional case we prove that blow-up is prevented. Furthermore, density converges towards a non trivial stationary configuration.
KeywordsCell dynamics Cell polarization Entropy technique Exchange of molecular content
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