Normal- and grazing-incidence gratings and mountings used in space

  • Philippe Lemaire
Part of the ISSI Scientific Report Series book series (ISSI, volume 9)


In most spectrometers, the grating is the component chosen to give the necessary spectral resolution either to filter the wavelength band or to obtain the line profiles. An overview of the grating properties and mountings used in space instrumentation is given.


Transmission Plane Groove Profile Rowland Circle Blaze Angle Grating Type 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Arns JA, Colburn WS, Bardan S (1999) Volume phase gratings for spectroscopy, ultrafast laser compressors and wavelength multiplexing. Proc SPIE 3779: 313–323ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Artzner G, Bonnet RM, Lemaire P (plus five authors) (1977) The LPSP instrument on OSO-8. I. Instrumentation, description of operations, laboratory calibrations, and pre-launch performance. Space Sci Instrum 3:131–161Google Scholar
  3. Boggess A, Carr FA, Evans DC (plus 30 authors) (1977) The IUE spacecraft and instrumentation. Nature 275:372–377Google Scholar
  4. Bowyer S, Jelinsky P, Christian C, Malina RF (1992) The Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer all-sky survey. ASP Conf Ser 26:613–621ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Brandt JC, Heap SR, Beaver EA (plus 22 authors) (1994) The Goddard high resolution spectrograph: Instrument, goals, and science results. PASP 106: 890–908Google Scholar
  6. Brueckner GE, Bartoe J-DF, Cook JW (plus two authors) (1986) HRTS results from Spacelab 2. Adv Space Res 6(8):263–272Google Scholar
  7. Bruner EC Jr (1977) The University of Colorado OSO-8 spectrometer experiment. I: Introduction and optical design considerations. Space Sci Instrum 3:369–387ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Culhane JL, Hiei E, Doschek GA (plus 24 authors) (1991) The Bragg Crystal Spectrometer for Solar-A. Sol Phys 136:89–104Google Scholar
  9. Culhane JL, Harra LK, James AM (plus 36 authors) (2007) The EUV imaging spectrometer for Hinode. Sol Phys 243:19–61Google Scholar
  10. Fox JL, Kankelborg CC, Thomas R (2010) A transition region explosive event observed in He II with the MOSES sounding rocket, Astrophys Journ 719: 1132–1143ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fraunhofer J (1823) Kurzer Bericht von den Resultaten neuerer Versuche über die Gesetze des Lichtes, und die Theorie derselben, Ann Phys (Leipzig) 74:337–378ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Harrison RA, Sawyer EC, Carter MK (plus 36 authors) (1995) The Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer for the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. Sol Phys 162:233–290Google Scholar
  13. Harlander J, Reynolds RJ, Roesler FL (1992) Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for the exploration of diffuse interstellar emission lines at far-ultraviolet wavelengths. Astrophys J 396:730–740ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hurwitz M, Bowyer S, Bristol R (plus six authors) (1998) Far-ultraviolet performance of the Berkeley spectrograph during the ORFEUS-SPAS II mission. Astrophys J 500:L1–L7Google Scholar
  15. Kohl JL, Esser R, Gardner LD (plus 37 authors) (1995) The Ultraviolet Coronagraph Spectrometer for the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. Sol Phys 162:313–356Google Scholar
  16. Lemaire P, Aschenbach BA, Seely JF (2013) Space telescopes. ISSI SR-009:183–210Google Scholar
  17. Loewen EG, Popov E (1997) Diffraction grating and applications. Marcel Dekker Inc, New-YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Martin CD, Bianchi L, Donas J (plus nine authors) (1999) The Galaxy Evolution Explorer. ASP Conf Ser 164:182–193Google Scholar
  19. Moos HW, Cash WC, Cowie LL (plus 53 authors) (2000) Overview of the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer Mission. Astrophys J 538:L1–L6Google Scholar
  20. Rapley CG, Culhane JL, Acton LW (plus three authors) (1977) Bent crystal spectrometer for solar X-ray spectroscopy. Rev Sci Instrum 48:1123–1130Google Scholar
  21. Schroeder DJ (2000) Astronomical optics. Academic Press, San Diego, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Stecher TP, Cornett RH, Greason MR (plus 16 authors) (1997) The Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope: Instrument and data characteristics. PASP 109:584–599Google Scholar
  23. Tormen M, Peter Y-A, Niedermann Ph (plus three authors) (2006) Deformable MEMS grating for wide tunability and high-operating speed. Proc SPIE 6114:108–118Google Scholar
  24. Tousey R, Bartoe J-DF, Brueckner GE, Purcell JD (1977) Extreme ultraviolet spectroheliograph ATM experiment S082A. Appl Opt 16:870-878ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. Wilhelm K, Curdt W, Marsch, E (1995) (plus 14 authors) SUMER – Solar Ultraviolet Measurements of Emitted Radiation. Sol Phys 162:189–231ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Zhitnik IA, Ignatiev AP, Korneev VV (plus ten authors) (1998) Instruments for imaging XUV spectroscopy of the sun on board the CORONAS-I satellite. Proc SPIE 3406:1–19Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe Lemaire
    • 1
  1. 1.IAS—Institut d’Astrophysique SpatialeOrsayFrance

Personalised recommendations