• Roudi Nazarinia Roy
  • Walter R. Schumm
  • Sonya L. Britt


The influence of age, education or income, race or ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, marital status, religion, pregnancy intentions, and maternal parity on the transition to parenthood are discussed, with emphasis on gender and changes in relationship satisfaction over time. In general, having demographics associated with more resources and social support predicts better coping with the transition to parenthood. However, it is not clear that the transition to parenthood is ever easy or without its challenges, no matter how well resourced or supported the parent(s) may be. Because of the effort usually required to obtain resources or support, having too much in the way of those benefits might not always predict better parenting because of having less time for direct interaction with the child.


Relationship Satisfaction Marital Satisfaction Unplanned Pregnancy African American Family Father Involvement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roudi Nazarinia Roy
    • 1
  • Walter R. Schumm
    • 2
  • Sonya L. Britt
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Family and Consumer SciencesCalifornia State University, Long BeachLong BeachUSA
  2. 2.School of Family Studies and Human ServicesKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA

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