Vascular Surgery for Erectile Dysfunction

Chapter
Part of the Current Clinical Urology book series (CCU)

Abstract

The incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED) after blunt pelvic trauma is between 11 and 30 % and increases greatly with concomitant urethral injury and/or bilateral pubic rami. Most patients with ED after pelvic trauma respond to intracavernosal injection therapy, suggesting that there is a neurogenic component. Only a very select group of patients are candidates for a revascularization procedure. Potential candidates are young (usually less than 55 years old), have a focal occlusive disease of the penile or cavernosal artery on arteriography, no vascular risk factors, no evidence of neurologic erectile dysfunction, and a history of acute or chronic perineal or pelvic trauma. Specifics as to the penile revascularization surgical technique of inferior epigastric artery to dorsal artery of the penis anastomosis and as an alternative to the dorsal vein are detailed within. Overall reported success rates are from 50 to 60 %.

Venous leak erectile dysfunction typically results from atrophy of the intracorporal muscles or of the tunica albuginea. These patients are not amenable to penile venous surgery as they have an uncorrectable physiology. A minority of patients have either congenital or acquired isolated proximal penile venous anomalies. Congenital venous leakage results in large ectopic, superficial dorsal veins or large crural veins. Blunt perineal trauma may result in structural changes in crural erectile tissue resulting in isolated crural venous leak. Although initial published series with 1-year follow-up demonstrated poor outcomes, highly select patients with isolated crural venous leak treated by crural ligation may have significant improvement in erectile function. The Report on the Treatment of Organic Erectile Dysfunction, however, does not recommend venous leak surgery and considers it experimental.

Keywords

Titanium Catheter Ischemia Aspirin Penicillin 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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